Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)

by Thomas Holloway, published by John Sewell
line engraving, published 1786
6 3/4 in. x 4 3/8 in. (172 mm x 112 mm) plate size; 7 1/8 in. x 4 3/4 in. (182 mm x 120 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by (Frederick) Leverton Harris, 1927
Reference Collection
NPG D15167

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Thomas Holloway (1748-1827), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 33 portraits.
  • John Sewell (1735-1802), Bookseller and print publisher; proprietor of the European Magazine. Artist or producer associated with 48 portraits.

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Events of 1786back to top

Current affairs

Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised.
Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year.
Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.

Art and science

Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country.
Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting.
Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.

International

General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India.
Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro premieres in Vienna.
Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.

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