© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Edward VI
by L. Petit, published by Pierre Rocolet
line engraving, 1646
7 3/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. (186 mm x 132 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
- King Edward VI (1537-1553), Reigned 1547-53. Sitter associated with 48 portraits.
- L. Petit (active 1646). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Pierre Rocolet (active circa 1610-1662). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
First civil war ends. Under Thomas Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief, Parliamentarians defeat Royalist armies in the last major conflicts of the war, the Battles of Torrington and Stow-on-the-Wold. The subsequent fall of Royalist Oxford forces Charles I to flee and he surrenders himself to the Scots at Newark.
Art and science
Portrait painter, William Dobson, returns to London after the defeat of the king and is briefly imprisoned for debt. He dies in poverty aged thirty-five.
Instructed by Charles I, James Butler, Marquess of Ormonde resumes negotiations with the Irish Confederates attempting to raise troops for the royalist cause. The resulting First Ormonde Peace, though publicly proclaimed, is eventually rejected by the Confederates on account of papal ambassador, Archbishop Rinuccini's considerable influence.