by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published circa 1746
14 1/8 in. x 8 7/8 in. (358 mm x 227 mm) plate size; 14 3/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (364 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Sitterback to top
- John Tillotson (1630-1694), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 42 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 435 portraits.
- John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1686 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
Related worksback to top
Events of 1746back to top
Current affairsJacobites are defeated by the Duke of Cumberland and his forces at the Battle of Culloden; the last battle to take place on British soil. Bonnie Prince Charlie escapes to France with the help of Flora MacDonald. His supporters the Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmerino are beheaded.
Dress Act bans Tartan and Highland dress.
Art and scienceScottish physician William Hunter begins his public lectures on anatomy.
Italian artist Giovanni Antonio Canal, better known as Canaletto, arrives in England, where he remains until 1755.
Quaker Minister and pharmacist William Cookworthy discovers kaolin or china clay in Cornwall and devises a way of making porcelain, which was previously imported from China.
InternationalWar of the Austrian Succession: French forces led by Joseph François Dupleix capture the British East India Company's fort at Madras. One of its defenders, Robert Clive, makes his name by escaping his French captors.
Frederick II of Prussia begins building his summer palace of Sans Souci at Potsdam. His three victories in 1745 cause him to be known as Frederick the Great.
Philip V of Spain dies and is succeeded by Ferdinand VI.
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