by James Hardy, published by I. Eginton, published by J.F. Tomkins, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published March 1791 (1774)
14 7/8 in. x 10 7/8 in. (377 mm x 277 mm) plate size; 16 5/8 in. x 12 1/2 in. (422 mm x 318 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Sitterback to top
- Edmund Burke (1729-1797), Statesman; orator; author. Sitter associated with 106 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- I. Eginton (active 1791). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- James Hardy (active 1780-1784), Stipple engraver. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1415 portraits, Sitter associated with 39 portraits.
- J.F. Tomkins (active 1790-1799), Publisher. Artist associated with 7 portraits.
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (North Audley Street, London; New Bond Street, London)
Events of 1791back to top
Current affairsThomas Paine publishes his inflammatory and widely read Rights of Man in response to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France of the previous year. The work advocates radical revolution and prompts a trial for seditious libel that takes place in his absence.
The Catholic Relief Act is passed, repealing the most severe penal laws.
Art and scienceRobert Burns publishes Tam O'Shanter, combining the Scottish vernacular with the formal traditions of classical English poetry and exploring radical ideas of freedom.
The Observer newspaper is founded.
The Ordnance Survey is set up to prepare detailed maps of the country.
InternationalMozart composes The Magic Flute.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man establishes liberal freedoms in France
The French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly.
Louis XVI flees Paris with his family but is captured at Varennes.
William Pitt declares Britain will remain neutral in any war against France.
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.
Tell us more
Framed & unframed prints
Choose your favourite portrait from our Collection as a framed or unframed print for your home.