Queen Mary II

Queen Mary II, by John Smith, published by  Edward Cooper, after  Jan van der Vaart, circa 1683-1729 - NPG D18929 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Queen Mary II

by John Smith, published by Edward Cooper, after Jan van der Vaart
mezzotint, circa 1683-1729
13 1/2 in. x 10 in. (344 mm x 253 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 10 1/4 in. (352 mm x 260 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Reference Collection
NPG D18929

Sitterback to top

  • Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 96 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
  • John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Jan van der Vaart (1647-1721). Artist associated with 52 portraits.

Placesback to top

Events of 1683back to top

Current affairs

Rye House Plot, a conspiracy to murder the king and his heir, James, Duke of York, is leaked to the government by minor conspirator, Josiah Keeling. Arrests follow; some conspirators are executed, others pardoned while several flee the country.
Worst ever recorded frost in England freezes the Thames.

Art and science

England's first public museum, the Ashmolean Museum, is opened by Oxford University to house a substantial collection donated by the Antiquary, Elias Ashmole.

International

Financial constraints forces Charles II to decide to relinquish Tangiers, an English possession since 1661, unable to continue its defence against the Moors. Admiral, George Legge, Baron Dartmouth, is commissioned to oversee the port's demolition. Diarist, Samuel Pepys accompanies Dartmouth as his secretary during the expedition.

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