Queen Mary II
29 of 97 portraits of Queen Mary II
Queen Mary II
by John Smith, published by Edward Cooper, after Jan van der Vaart
mezzotint, circa 1683-1729
13 1/2 in. x 10 in. (344 mm x 253 mm) plate size; 13 7/8 in. x 10 1/4 in. (352 mm x 260 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Sitterback to top
- Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 97 portraits.
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Events of 1683back to top
Current affairsRye House Plot, a conspiracy to murder the king and his heir, James, Duke of York, is leaked to the government by minor conspirator, Josiah Keeling. Arrests follow; some conspirators are executed, others pardoned while several flee the country.
Worst ever recorded frost in England freezes the Thames.
Art and scienceEngland's first public museum, the Ashmolean Museum, is opened by Oxford University to house a substantial collection donated by the Antiquary, Elias Ashmole.
InternationalFinancial constraints forces Charles II to decide to relinquish Tangiers, an English possession since 1661, unable to continue its defence against the Moors. Admiral, George Legge, Baron Dartmouth, is commissioned to oversee the port's demolition. Diarist, Samuel Pepys accompanies Dartmouth as his secretary during the expedition.
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