14 of 14 portraits of Thomas Gray
by William Ridley, published by Charles Cooke
stipple engraving, published 23 May 1795
6 in. x 3 7/8 in. (152 mm x 98 mm) plate size; 6 5/8 in. x 4 1/2 in. (167 mm x 113 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1913
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Events of 1795back to top
Current affairsGeorge, Prince of Wales is forced to marry Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, despite having secretly married Maria Fitzherbert in 1785.
Widespread rioting prompts the introduction of the Speenhamland system of welfare supplements which are linked to the price of bread.
Treasonable Practices Act is passed against open criticism of government.
Art and scienceThe MP Matthew Gregory 'Monk' Lewis publishes his notorious gothic novel The Monk to success and scandal because of its immoral content.
Mungo Park explores the course of the River Niger.
InternationalWolfe Tone, founder of The Society of United Irishmen, departs for America after being implicated in high treason in Ireland. Exiled in Philadelphia, he soon leaves for France to ask revolutionaries for assistance.
Joseph Haydn composes the English Canzonettas during his second stay in London.
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