King Charles II
King Charles II
by Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
11 in. x 6 5/8 in. (278 mm x 169 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Sitterback to top
- King Charles II (1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85. Sitter associated with 295 portraits.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1679back to top
Current affairsCavalier Parliament dissolves over the exclusion crisis - removing James, Duke of York from the line of succession. First of three 'Exclusion Parliaments' assembles; William Russell, Lord Bedford, member of the nascent Whig party, introduces an Exclusion Bill.
James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, suppresses rebellious Scottish covenanters at Bothwell Bridge.
Art and scienceAn adaptation of Sophocles's Oedipus is published, a collaboration between poet laureate, John Dryden and playwright, Nathaniel Lee. It becomes a hugely successful stage production during the Restoration period.
Composer, Henry Purcell, becomes organist of Westminster Abbey.
InternationalThe daughter of Henrietta Anne of England and Philippe, Duke of Orleans, Marie Louise d'Orleans, marries Charles II of Spain. It was hoped the marriage would improve relations between France and Spain who had previously been at war over the Spanish Netherlands.
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