Bagdad Pact Meeting
Bagdad Pact Meeting
by Victor Weisz
black ink and blue crayon on board with additional collage and white medium, circa 1958
16 1/4 in. x 24 5/8 in. (412 mm x 625 mm)
Given by executors of Elizabeth Weisz, 2004
Sittersback to top
Artistback to top
- Victor Weisz (1913-1966), 'Vicky'; cartoonist. Artist associated with 15 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The Baghdad Pact was set up to ensure peace and security in the Middle East. Iraq, Turkey, Britain, Pakistan and Persia (Iran) were included in 1955, but Israel was barred as it was not recognised by Iraq. In 1957 the USA joined the economic and military committees of the Pact but did not accede to the Pact itself. The fourth meeting of the Pact's Council took place in Ankara, from 27 to 30 January 1958, with Britain represented by its Conservative Foreign Secretary, Selwyn Lloyd. The US Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, attended as an observer. In this cartoon Dulles (left) is seen addressing Selwyn Lloyd at Ankara, symbolised by the box of Turkish Delight. Note that Dulles has a moneybag, missiles and a copy of the book How to Win Friends and Influence People by the American writer and lecturer Dale Carnegie. The blue pencil marks on this drawing indicate where the artist wished the paper's production department to add tints to suggest shadows.
Events of 1958back to top
Current affairsBritain's first motorway is built. The Preston bypass (M6) was the first road to be built to official motorway standards, although the M1 (opened in 1959) was the first road to be given official status. The road was opened by the Prime minister, Harold Macmillan, and heralded a new age of mass, high-speed motoring.
Art and scienceMichael Bond publishes A Bear Called Paddington, the first Paddington Bear book. This popular character is remembered for being found at Paddington Station by the Brown family, for wearing a floppy hat, duffle coat and Wellington boots, and for his penchant for marmalade sandwiches.
The children's television programme, Blue Peter, is broadcast for the first time.
InternationalFollowing the USSR's successful launch of the Sputnik 1 satellite in 1957, America launches its own space agency, NASA. Under pressure from the Soviets' early lead, NASA began research into human spaceflight. The competition between the two superpowers to explore outer space, send humans beyond the Earth's orbit and land on the moon was known as the 'space race'.
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