1 portrait by J. Smith
by Joseph Collyer the Younger, published by J. Smith, after John Russell
line engraving, published 1 January 1808 (1788)
12 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (328 mm x 252 mm) plate size; 13 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in. (342 mm x 268 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Sitterback to top
- John Newton (1725-1807), Slave trader, clergyman and friend of the poet William Cowper. Sitter in 7 portraits.
Artistsback to top
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Events of 1808back to top
Current affairsThe 'Mary Anne Clarke affair' erupts in which Clarke, mistress of Frederick, Duke of York, was said to have used her influence with him to run a military promotions racket. Championed by radical government opponents, it ends in the Duke's resignation as Commander-in-Chief of the army.
Art and scienceSculptor John Flaxman begins Nelson memorial for St Paul's.
Richard Trevithick demonstrates model railway travelling at 12 mph.
InternationalAfter taking Portugal, Napoleon invades Spain, deposes the Spanish Bourbon monarchy and appoints his brother Joseph as the new King. The
Peninsular War then begins under Sir John Moore and Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, aiming to protect Portugal and exploit Iberian hatred of French tyranny.