by John Sturt
line engraving, published 1691
5 3/4 in. x 3 3/4 in. (146 mm x 97 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1913
Artistback to top
- John Sturt (1658-1730), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 54 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Events of 1691back to top
Current affairsJohn Tillotson reluctantly accepts the appointment of Archbishop of Canterbury. A prominent preacher, Tillotson hoped his aims to unite the country's Protestants and initiate a moral reformation would be fulfilled by the dual monarchy.
Art and scienceDramatic opera, King Arthur, by poet John Dryden, is staged for the first time. Written originally in 1684, the play is revived as an opera with music by Henry Purcell.
InternationalTreaty of Limerick ends fighting between Irish Jacobites and Williamites; its military articles gave Jacobites the choice to leave Ireland or accept William as king; the civil articles, more controversially, ensured protection of Jacobite Irish gentry. As a lord justice of Ireland, Thomas Coningsby, is instrumental in finalising the settlement.
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