2 of 8 portraits of Gerardus Mercator
by Unknown engraver
engraving, after 1594
8 1/2 in. x 5 3/8 in. (217 mm x 137 mm) paper size
Given by Sir Herbert Henry Raphael, 1st Bt, 1916
Sitterback to top
- Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594), Flemish geographer, mathematician and cartographer. Sitter in 8 portraits.
Related worksback to top
Events of 1594back to top
Current affairsSeries of harvest failures begins.
The Portuguese Jewish physician Roderigo Lopez is executed for plotting to poison Queen Elizabeth I on behalf of Phillip II of Spain. The allegation is never proven and his conviction can partly be attributed to anti-Semitism.
The explorer and privateer Martin Frobisher dies from a gunshot wound received in combat with Spanish forces at Crozon, France.
Art and scienceThe playwright Christopher Marlowe's Edward II is published posthumously.
William Shakespeare completes The Comedy of Errors.
The Lisbon spice market is closed to English and Dutch merchants. The result is an increase of Dutch and English voyages to the Far East in order to break the Portuguese monopoly over the lucrative spice trade.
InternationalCoronation of Henry IV of France at Chartres. The Catholic League's resistance to his rule dissipates.
Akbar, Mughal Emperor of India, captures Kandahar (in present-day Afghanistan) from the Safavid dynasty of Persia.
The Diet of Regensburg - The Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II secures financial support from German Catholic nobles for his war against the Ottoman Empire in Hungary.
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