© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip Edward Morrell; Mark Gertler and an unknown woman
by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, 1917
2 3/8 in. x 1 1/2 in. (60 mm x 39 mm) image size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Dame Helen Gardner Bequest, 2003
- Mark Gertler (1891-1939), Painter. Sitter in 99 portraits, Artist of 5 portraits.
- Philip Edward Morrell (1870-1943), Politician; husband of Lady Ottoline Morrell. Sitter associated with 191 portraits, Artist associated with 341 portraits.
- Lady Ottoline Morrell (1873-1938), Patron of the arts; half-sister of 6th Duke of Portland; wife of Philip Edward Morrell. Artist associated with 1710 portraits, Sitter associated with 596 portraits.
King George V changes his name from 'Saxe-Coburg' to 'Windsor.' Amid wartime anti-German public sentiment the British Royal Family decided to relinquish their German name and titles. The name 'Windsor' was chosen as variation on ''Wettin', the late Prince Albert's personal surname.
Art and science
The National Photographic Record
is established at the instigation of the photographer Walter Stoneman to commission photographs of 'distinguished living contemporaries of British nationality.' This project allowed the National Portrait Gallery to circumvent its own rule that portraits could not enter the collection until the sitter had been dead ten years.
The Russian Revolution begins with the February Revolution
and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Seven months later the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seize power in the October Revolution
forming the Soviet Communist Government, which lasted until 1991. The USA abandons its neutrality and joins the war against Germany following a series of attacks on American passenger and merchant ships.