General Tom Thumb

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General Tom Thumb

by Henry Calton Maguire
lithograph, 1844 or after
9 1/2 in. x 8 7/8 in. (240 mm x 224 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1903
Reference Collection
NPG D20921

Artistback to top

  • Henry Calton Maguire (circa 1790-1854), Lithographer and publisher; father of Henry Calton Terrence Maguire. Artist or producer associated with 3 portraits.

Sittersback to top

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Events of 1844back to top

Current affairs

Britain experiences a railway boom. Peel's government passes a series of Acts creating provision of cheap, regular rail services. George Hudson, the first great railway entrepreneur, who controlled over 1,000 miles of railway track and whose enterprises made York a major commercial and transport hub, becomes known as 'the Railway King'.

Art and science

Disraeli's Coningsby is published. The first of his 1840s 'Young England' trilogy, it was the cultural manifesto of Disraeli's vision for a new Conservativism.
David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson set up their innovative and pioneering photography studio in Edinburgh, capturing portraits of both Scottish society figures and workers, as well as urban and rural landscape scenes.

International

Tensions continue to mount in Eastern Europe over Russian imperialist ambitions, as Tsar Nicholas I describes the Ottoman Empire as 'the Sick Man of Europe'.
With the overthrow of the Haitians, the Spanish-speaking portion of the island of Hispaniola gains independence, as the Dominican Republic.

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