Charles I and his Opponents
10 of 44 portraits of Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex
Charles I and his Opponents
by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 1640s
6 1/4 in. x 3 3/4 in. (160 mm x 94 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1960
Sittersback to top
- John Bradshaw (1602-1659), Regicide. Sitter associated with 9 portraits. Identify
- King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49. Sitter associated with 335 portraits. Identify
- Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England. Sitter associated with 224 portraits. Identify
- Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex (1591-1646), Parliamentary general. Sitter associated with 44 portraits. Identify
- Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612-1671), Parliamentary Commander-in-Chief. Sitter associated with 88 portraits. Identify
- Henry Ireton (1611-1651), Parliamentary general. Sitter associated with 17 portraits. Identify
- Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke (1584-1650), Courtier. Sitter associated with 25 portraits. Identify
Linked publicationsback to top
- Cooper, John, Oliver the First: Contemporary Images of Oliver Cromwell, 1999, p. 10
Events of 1640back to top
Current affairsSecond Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon.
Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.
Art and scienceAuthor, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians.
The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.
InternationalFrederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War.
The Bay Psalm Book is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.
Watch our playlist exploring scientific techniques used by the Gallery to unlock the secrets behind our Tudor portraits.
Subjects and themes
Search the collection by themes - from pets to weddings!
Black History Month
Take a tour exploring our Collection created by Alayo Akinkugbe for Black History Month in 2020.
A Picture of Health
Learn about pioneers in medicine, health and social reform from 1840 to 1920.
- Tudor Miniatures
- Charles I
- Silhouettes display, 2004-05
- Return to Life: A New Look at the Portrait Bust
- 2019 Anniversaries
- William Hazlitt's Spirit of the Age
- Making History: Printed Portraiture in Tudor and Stuart Britain
- Mary, Queen of Scots: Fact and Fiction
- Restoration Lives: Samuel Pepys and His Circle
- Brilliant Women
- Chartist Portraits
- Mary, Queen of Scots
- Nelson: before and after Trafalgar
- Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Art Conservation Project
- Rebel women
- Theodore de Mayerne
- Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs
- Popular Prints of Victoria and Albert
- Gunpowder, Treason and Plot
- Searching for Shakespeare
Tell us more
Framed & unframed prints
Choose your favourite portrait from our Collection as a framed or unframed print for your home.