John Ray

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Ray

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1685-1690
30 in. x 25 in. (762 mm x 635 mm)
Transferred from The British Museum, London, 1879
Primary Collection
NPG 563

Sitterback to top

  • John Ray (1627-1705), Naturalist. Sitter in 13 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Unknown artist, Artist. Artist or producer associated with 6577 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D34356: John Ray with 'Britannia crowning Ray as the Prince of English Botanists' (source portrait)
  • NPG D39221: John Ray with 'Britannia crowning Ray as the Prince of English Botanists' (source portrait)

Linked publicationsback to top

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1685back to top

Current affairs

Charles II dies, his heir, Catholic brother, James II, succeeds to the throne. Despite deep distrust by many Protestants, he initially experiences unexpected popularity.
James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, leads the Monmouth Rebellion ambitious to seize the throne. Following his defeat at Sedgemoor, Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill.

Art and science

Opera Universa, by physician Thomas Sydenham, considered the father of English medicine, is published in London.
Organist, Henry Purcell composes, My heart is inditing, for the coronation of James II and his queen, Mary of Modena.
Writer on dentistry, Charles Allen publishes the earliest known English book on dentistry.

International

The Edict of Fontainebleau is issued by Louis XIV revoking the Edict of Nantes which gave Huguenots a right to practice their religion, free from persecution. Although Huguenots had steadily left France since the Dragonnades in 1681, this edict essentially ended official religious toleration in France.

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