The Coalition Ministry, 1854
6 of 17 portraits of Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
- Extended catalogue entry
Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue
The Coalition Ministry, 1854
by Sir John Gilbert
17 1/2 in. x 27 in. (445 mm x 686 mm)
Inscriptionback to top
Signed and dated (bottom left): John Gilbert/1855.
Inscribed on the mount in pencil are copies(?) of the autographs of the sitters, as they appear on the engraving. Also on the back is a label relating to the 1897 exhibition.
This portraitback to top
The coalition ministry, under the leadership of the Earl of Aberdeen, came to power in 1852, following the short-lived tory administration under the Earl of Derby. It included the leading whig and Peelite statesmen of the period. The outbreak of the Crimean war in March 1854 found the army woefully unprepared, and the early set-backs and the controversies over the conduct of operations further undermined an already weak and divided cabinet. In January 1855, Aberdeen resigned, to be succeeded by Palmerston, who brought the war to a successful conclusion in 1856.
This grisaille drawing was specially executed for the engraving of the same subject by W. Walker (the vendor), published by him, 1857 (example in NPG). Both drawing and engraving are almost identical in size and general arrangement. There are several differences between the two, however, in the poses, features and costumes of the sitters, and in the accessories. Gilbert's likenesses, for which he does not appear to have received sittings, were altered and strengthened by Mrs Elizabeth Walker prior to the engraving, and his mannered and expressive draughtsmanship smoothed away.
NPG 1125 shows Aberdeen's cabinet deciding upon the expedition to the Crimea in the early months of 1854. Palmerston, on the right, is seen pointing at the town of Balaklava on a map of the region held open by the Duke of Newcastle. Gladstone, on the left, is holding a letter on his knee, and Lord Granville in the background is absorbed in reading a newspaper. These attempts to introduce drama and life into the composition are not successful, and the picture retains all the features of a rather stiff and self-conscious group photograph. Engravings of the successive cabinets of the day became popular from the mid-19th century onwards, and that of Aberdeen's is one of the earliest. Gilbert, a pioneer of pictorial journalism, later helped to prepare the design for Scott's engraving of Derby's third cabinet, after a painting by H. Gales, published Graves, 1870 (example in NPG).
The following list of people represented in NPG 1125 is arranged alphabetically. The office of each sitter is noted after his name. An asterisk denotes that other portraits of the sitter are included in this catalogue:
*Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of (1784-1860). Prime minister.
Argyll, George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of (1823-1900). Lord privy seal.
Clarendon, George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of (1800-70). Foreign secretary.
*Cranworth, Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron (1790-1868). Lord chancellor.
*Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-98). Chancellor of the exchequer.
*Graham, Sir James Robert George, Bart (1792-1861). First lord of the admiralty.
Granville, Granville George Leveson-Gower, and Earl of (1815-91). President of the council.
Grey, Sir George, Bart (1799-1882). Secretary for the colonies.
*Halifax, Charles Wood, 1st Viscount (1800-85). President of the board of control for India.
*Herbert of Lea, Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron (1810-61). Secretary at war.
*Lansdowne, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of (1780-1863). No office.
*Molesworth, Sir William, Bart (1810-55). Commissioner of works.
*Newcastle, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of (1811-64). Minister for war.
*Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount (1784-1865). Home secretary.
*Russell, Lord John Russell, 1st Earl (1792-1878). No office.
Provenanceback to top
Commissioned by William Walker, the engraver, and purchased from him, 1898.
Exhibitionsback to top
Victorian Era Exhibition, 1897, 'Historical Section' (442), lent by Walker.
This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Ormond, Early Victorian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1973, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.
View all known portraits for George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
View all known portraits for George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll
View all known portraits for George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon
View all known portraits for Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron Cranworth
View all known portraits for William Ewart Gladstone
View all known portraits for Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Bt
View all known portraits for Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville
View all known portraits for Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt
View all known portraits for Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax
View all known portraits for Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea
View all known portraits for Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne
View all known portraits for Sir William Molesworth, 8th Bt
View all known portraits for Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
View all known portraits for Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
View all known portraits for John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
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