Five Children of King Charles I
- Extended catalogue entry
Early Stuart Portraits Catalogue
Five Children of King Charles I
after Sir Anthony van Dyck
17th century, based on a work of 1637
35 1/4 in. x 69 3/8 in. (895 mm x 1762 mm)
This portraitback to top
Within the additional strip across the top edge the original painting is not closely copied: the brass jug has no handle, the curtain extends more to the left and the fringe alone too far to the right; similarly within the lower extension the lace edge of Mary’s apron does not agree with the original.
The original (163.2 x 198.8), signed and dated 1637, showing the children whole length, is in the Royal Collection  and Van Dyck’s drawing for the infant James is at Christ Church, Oxford.  In 1868 Colnaghi proposed that NPG 267 was by ‘Old Stone’ but it was accessed as ‘After Van Dyck’. Millar 2004 records many other copies, of which those at Goodwood and Hardwick are half length, as NPG 267.
Footnotesback to top
1) O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.152, pls.74, 76; Millar 2004, p 480, iv.62. First engraving published by A. Browne by 1684 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 1878-82 4; New Hollstein, Van Dyck, V, 2002, no.421; S. Turner, ‘Alexander Browne’, Wal. Soc., LXX, 2008, pp 105-206, B.6).
2) H. Vey, Die Zeichnungen Anton van Dycks, 1962, no.239; illus. O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, fig.25, and Van Dyck in England, NPG, 1982, no.75.
Referenceback to top
John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, pp 119-20.
Millar 2004, p 480 (under iv.62).
D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963, p 390.
Physical descriptionback to top
From left to right: Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660); James II, wearing a bonnet and skirt; Charles II (1630-85); Princess Elizabeth (1635-50), and Princess Anne (1637-40).
Conservationback to top
Lined; most recently conserved 1972 and 1992; James’s face and Charles’s costume quite damaged and Elizabeth’s dress overpainted.
Provenanceback to top
Colnaghi, from whom purchased 1868.
Exhibitionsback to top
Childhood, Camden Arts Centre, 1967, no.18; Heaton Hall Bicentenary, Manchester, 1972; The Stuart Legacy, Alabama, Memphis, 1991-92, no.186 as ‘painted shortly after the original’; Innocence and Experience, South Bank/Hull/Nottingham/Glasgow, 1992-93, no.18 as contemporary copy; Dog Collars, Guernsey, 1993; European Dog Painting, Nagoya/Tokyo/Osaka, 1996, no.1.
This extended catalogue entry is by John Ingamells, one of a limited number of entries drafted in 2010 for the incomplete catalogue, Early Stuart Portraits 1625-1685, and is as written then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.
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