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Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, by Unknown French artist, circa 1712-1714 -NPG 593 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

attributed to Unknown French artist
circa 1712-1714
56 1/2 in. x 44 in. (1435 mm x 1118 mm)
NPG 593

This portraitback to top

NPG 593 commemorates Bolingbroke’s brief ambassadorship in Paris in August 1712. He is shown wearing the coronation robes of a Viscount, an honour he had received the previous month; on the table lie state papers addressed to the Queen and a plan of fortifications, probably those of Dunkirk whose reduction played a prominent part in his negotiations.
The papers may indicate that the portrait was completed within Queen Anne’s lifetime (i.e. before August 1714). [1] It is unquestionably of French origin, although the attribution remains uncertain. Piper considered the handling very close to that of A.-S. Belle (an attribution repeated in 2004), but Edward Corp remained unconvinced. [2]
A version was presented to the Carlton Club by the 3rd Earl of Eldon (d. 1926), and a half-length copy was recorded in a private collection in 1993.

Footnotesback to top

1) It is perhaps surprising that Bolingbroke had his robes with him in Paris in August 1712, the month after his creation although, according to F. T. Smallwood, 'The Iconography of Bolingbroke', Report no.10 of the Friends of Lydiard Trigoze, 1977, p 8, he was careful to take them with him on his flight to Paris in 1715. Bolingbroke attended the coronation of George I on 20 October 1714, when ceremonial dress would have been required.
2) See E. T. Corp, La cour des Stuarts à Saint-Germain-en-Laye, exhibition catalogue, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1992, p 89: ‘peinture qu’on attribuait autrefois à Belle …’. NPG 593 had previously been illus. as by Rigaud (E. Gosse, English Literature, 1906, III, p 258).

Referenceback to top

Piper 1963
D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963, pp 29-30.

Simon & Saywell (eds.) 2004
Complete Illustrated Catalogue, NPG, ed. J. Simon & D. Saywell, 2004, p 63 as attributed to A.-S. Belle.

Smallwood 1977
F. T. Smallwood, ‘The Iconography of Bolingbroke’, Report no.10 of the Friends of Lydiard Trigoze, 1977, no.7.

Provenanceback to top

E. H. Sanderson, Manor House, Clapham; Foster’s, 10 May 1876, lot 104; Henry Graves, from whom purchased 1879.

Exhibitionsback to top

La Cour des Stuarts, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1992, no.72 (but not shown).

This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685–1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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