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Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, by Unknown artist, circa 1740-1745 -NPG 3067 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

by Unknown artist
circa 1740-1745
1 5/8 in. x 1 3/8 in. (41 mm x 35 mm) oval
NPG 3067

This portraitback to top

Provenance would seem to confirm the identity. Bolingbroke is full-faced and elderly, indicating a date in the earlier 1740s, before the onset of his last debilitating illness. He visited England in 1742 and 1743-44 before settling in 1744-51.

Referenceback to top

Piper 1963
D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963, p 30.

Smallwood 1977
F. T. Smallwood, ‘The Iconography of Bolingbroke’, Report no.10 of the Friends of Lydiard Trigoze, 1977, no.16.

Provenanceback to top

David Mallet (1701/2-65),1 by whose daughter, Mrs Arabella Williams, presented to the British Museum 1815;2 transferred to the NPG 1939.

1 Scottish poet, playwright and Bolingbroke’s literary executor; edited his Works 1752-54.
2 This provenance is provided by MS notes received with the miniature from the British Museum: Envoyé par Mme. Arabella Williams, à la requete du Madame sa mere Madme. Mallet [Lucy, née Elstob, d. Paris 1795, aet. 79], pour être présenté au British Museum, and A snuff Box, having on the lid a Portrait of Viscount Bolingbroke. This box formerly belonged to David Mallet Esqr by whom it was left to his wife. It is presented by Miss Arabella Williams, their daughter, who is now resident in Paris at an advanced age, the widow of Col. Williams,/Presented by the hands of R. Chalmers Esqr., no.29 Northumberland Street. Strand. The date [Apr]il Eighth 1815 appears verso.

This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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