The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

First Previous 1 OF 24 NextLast

John Bunyan

1 of 24 portraits of John Bunyan

John Bunyan, by Thomas Sadler, 1684 -NPG 1311 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Early Stuart Portraits Catalogue

John Bunyan

by Thomas Sadler
29 1/2 in. x 25 in. (749 mm x 635 mm)
NPG 1311

Inscriptionback to top

Signed, upper left: T.S./pinx. and inscribed in a contemporary hand: John Bunyan/Ano.AEtats;56.

This portraitback to top

The earliest dated portrait of Bunyan, NPG 1311 is also the most substantial. Sadler was not an outstanding artist, but he does convey Bunyan’s ‘grave and sedate’ appearance. Son of the Master of Magdalene College, Cambridge, who was himself a church reformer and visionary, Sadler had studied law before becoming a pupil of Lely. He was possibly Bunyan’s ‘very good friend a limner’ whose portrait of Bunyan was ‘was cut in copper’. [1]
The many other images of Bunyan are derivative, save for the slightly earlier drawing by Robert White. Copies of NPG 1311 include those in the Bunyan Museum, Bedford (on glass), and recorded in Grosvenor Square in 1892, with R. H. B. Bedford in 1898, and William Green in 1910 (NPG archives).

Footnotesback to top

1) Charles Doe, Relation to the Christian Reader, 1692, probably referring to the Sturt plate of that year.

Referenceback to top

Piper 1963
D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963, pp 44-45.

Conservationback to top

Lined; cleaned and retouched 1982.

Provenanceback to top

Thomas Caporn, bequeathed to Sarah Clark 1806;1 bt. Rev. John Oliver, of Ayot St Lawrence, 1854; his dau. Mary, Countess of Cavan (1846-1905), from whom purchased 1902.

1 Who alleged he had bt. it in 1854 from Sarah Clark (an old woman). A MS note dated Feby 25 1806 (on file) reads: ‘I give to Sarah Clark the picter of Jo. Bunyan The bed & Beding & the Chest of Draws & all the Funneture in the Roome that she sleeps in ..... [Signed] Thos Caporn/James Cook Whitness’ An anon. MS note on file, probably from 1902, reads: ‘... Mr Olive obtained the portrait from an old woman, named Clarke, who signed a statement at the time to the effect, that it had been given to her by her former master, a disenting minister near Bedford, who had himself seen Bunyan and heard him preach ...’. But this is very difficult to construe chronologically.

Exhibitionsback to top

First Exhibtion of National Portraits, South Kensington, 1866, no.796 lent Rev. John Oliver.

Reproductionsback to top

T. Simpson 1767 (from a painting belonging to Henry Stimson); R. Houston (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 1878-82, 18); J. Spilsbury c.1763 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 1878-82, 1); J. Rogers; Edwards; F. Holl c.1847 (from a drawing by K. Macleay).

This extended catalogue entry is by John Ingamells, one of a limited number of entries drafted in 2010 for the incomplete catalogue, Early Stuart Portraits 1625-1685, and is as written then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

View all known portraits for John Bunyan


Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs

Test your memory by playing our matching pairs game. Three levels of difficulty make it fun for the whole family.

Test your skill

Regency familiar faces

Rearrange tiles to uncover sitters from the Gallery's Collection by playing our puzzle game.

Play today

Who do you think you were?

Answer a few lifestyle questions about the Elizabethan period and discover your inner Elizabethan!

Start now