Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1 portrait matching these criteria:
- Extended catalogue entry
Regency Portraits Catalogue
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
by Peter Vandyke
22 in. x 18 in. (559 mm x 457 mm)
Inscriptionback to top
Inscribed on back of canvas: Coleridge. This portrait was painted by Mr Vandyck, a descendant of the great Van Dyck, invited over from Holland by Sir Joshua Reynolds – 1796; this inscription is no longer visible but a copy has been preserved in the NPG archive.
This portraitback to top
The portrait was painted for Joseph Cottle, bookseller of Bristol and Coleridge's friend and patron who published his first volume of poems in 1796. Cottle at the same time commissioned portraits of Southey, Lamb, Wordsworth and Amos Cottle, and described them all in his Early Recollections Chiefly Relating to the Late Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Bristol, 1837, xxxi-xxxiv. Vandyke had been Reynolds's assistant and drapery painter and had settled in Bristol after his death. 'His portrait of Mr Coleridge did him great credit a a better likeness was never taken; and it has the additional advantage of exhibiting Mr Coleridge in one of his animated conversations, the expression of which the painter has in a good degree preserved' (ibid. xxxi). Cottle's niece, Elizabeth Green, inherited the group of portraits from her uncle together with a large collection of letters and MSS sold at Sotheby's in 1864. The portraits of Coleridge and Southey she sold separately to the NPG.
Physical descriptionback to top
Head and shoulders slightly to right aged 24, in a dark brown coat, grey waistcoat, voluminous white bow-tie; brown hair, brown eyes, pale complexion; plain buff background.
Provenanceback to top
Joseph Cottle, then his niece Elizabeth Green who sold it to the NPG in 1864 together with a portrait of Southey.
Reproductionsback to top
Stipple by Woodman, 'From a Painting by Vandyke (1795) in the Possession of Mr Cottle', used as frontispiece to Joseph Cottle's Early Recollections, 1837.
This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.
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