- Extended catalogue entry
© National Portrait Gallery, London
Early Stuart Portraits Catalogue
by Peter Blondeau, after an original by Thomas Simon
1 1/8 in. (28 mm) diameter
Inscriptionback to top
Inscribed THOMAS SIMON 1653.
This portraitback to top
The Cromwellian twenty shilling piece. Coining began about January 1657, but was almost certainly not put into general circulation. 
Footnotesback to top
Referenceback to top
H. W. Henfrey, Numismata Cromwelliana, 1877, pp 105-06.
D. Piper, ‘The contemporary Portraits of Oliver Cromwell’, Wal. Soc., XXIV, 1958, no.10.
D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963, p 98.
Physical descriptionback to top
Obverse: laureate profile inscribed: OLIVAR D.GR P.ANG.SCO.ET HIB & PRO.
Reverse: Protector Cromwell’s arms: 1) & 4) cross of St George, for England 2) a cross saltire, for Scotland 3) a harp, for Ireland; overall, on an escutcheon, a lion rampant, the paternal arms of Cromwell, surmounted by an imperial crown; inscribed around PAX QUAERITUR.BELLO: (Cromwell’s favourite motto).
Provenanceback to top
A. H. Baldwin, London, from whom purchased 1958.
This extended catalogue entry is by John Ingamells, one of a limited number of entries drafted in 2010 for the incomplete catalogue, Early Stuart Portraits 1625-1685, and is as written then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.
View all known portraits for Oliver Cromwell