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Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough, by Francesco Bartolozzi; Thomas Gainsborough, circa 1797, based on a work of 1787-1788 -NPG 1107 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Thomas Gainsborough

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
circa 1797, based on a work of 1787-1788
8 1/4 in. x 6 1/2 in. (210 mm x 165 mm)
NPG 1107

This portraitback to top

Preparatory drawing for Bartolozzi’s stipple engraving after Gainsborough’s self-portrait in the Royal Academy, London (c.1788), published by Boydell on 1 January 1798. The indecision in the oval border on the right-hand side is exactly as Gainsborough left it. [1]
It is generally assumed that the Royal Academy self-portrait was that which Gainsborough was painting for his friend Karl Abel, who died in 1787 before it was completed. In 1788 Gainsborough directed that no plaster cast, model, or likeness whatever of himself be taken after his death, but he allowed that ‘if Mr Sharp, who engraved Mr Hunter’s Print [see NPG 77], should chuse to make a print from the ¾ sketch which I intended for Mr Abel painted by myself, I give free consent’. [2] William Sharp did not engrave the portrait, and Bartolozzi’s print may lack the presence Gainsborough anticipated.

Footnotesback to top

1) Illus. Gainsborough’s Family, Sudbury, 1988, p 75.
2) Unaddressed letter of 15 June 1788 (J. Hayes ed., Gainsborough Letters, 2001, p 175), and see Joseph Farington, Diary, 29 January 1799, when Gainsborough’s daughter recalled her father forbidding any cast or drawing of his face after his death, and directing that ‘no engraving should be made unless by Sharp who engraved the portrait of John Hunter and that He might but only from a picture painted by himself, in the possession of Mr Abel [sic], the musician, his particular friend’.

Provenanceback to top

Bought from George Crozier of Carnforth, Lancs., 1897.1

1 Crozier offered the drawing for sale in his capacity as an executor; he subsequently mentioned ‘the ladies interested in the sale’ (letters of 16 and 28 October 1897; NPG archive).

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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