The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

Thomas Holcroft

Thomas Holcroft, by John Opie, circa 1804 -NPG 512 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Regency Portraits Catalogue

Thomas Holcroft

by John Opie
circa 1804
30 in. x 25 in. (762 mm x 635 mm)
NPG 512

This portraitback to top

Opie who was a friend of Holcroft and advised him in his art-dealing ventures, seems to have painted four portraits of him:
(1) c.1782 (NPG 3130). This shows the sitter aged slightly under 40. It had belonged to Mrs Holcroft who, after her second marriage, gave it to Francis Place 'in memory of kindnesses shown by him to her husband' (J. Jope Rogers, Opie and his Works, 1878, p 110). Francis Place bequeathed it to his son-in-law John Miers FRS whose son Sir Henry Miers bequeathed it to the NPG in 1943.
(2) c.1798 (Godwin's). Holcroft's diary records 26 June 1798 'called at Opie's in the evening; sat near two hours', and again 15 July 1798 'Sir William B[eechey], with his young son called … B--- praised my portrait, painted by Opie, but said the colouring was too foxy' (Memoirs, 1926, pp 229 and 239-40). The following year, 30 January 1799, he records 'Mr G[odwin] has a portrait of me painted by Opie which was exhibited last year, a most admirable painting and likeness' (Memoirs, 1926, p 298). A letter from Godwin's daughter, Mary Shelley, to Mrs Kenney (Holcroft's widow) discusses offering it 'to Mme le Mergez for £25 as it is my Father's express wish that it should not be brought to the hammer' (undated letter from M. S. in NPG archive).
(3) 1799 (Colonel Barry's). Holcroft records over a dozen sittings to Opie January-March 1799 beginning 30 January 'set to Mr Opie, first sitting for my portrait, intended for Colonel Barry'; on 9 March 'the morning so clouded after a fall of snow that it was too dark for him to paint, in the present almost finished state of my portrait' (Memoirs, 1926, p 298). Barry was satisfied and gave Opie a draft on his banker (Ada Earland, John Opie and his Circle, 1911, p 285). Either this portrait or no.2 was sold by Mrs Cox at Christie's 18 July 1891 (83).
(4) c.1804 (NPG 512). Holcroft only kept a diary during 1798-9 so there is no record in the Memoirs (completed by Hazlitt) of a sitting for this portrait which shows him about 20 years older than in the first. It was given by Opie to Holcroft's widow, Mrs Louise Kenney, who gave it to his daughter, Louise Baroness Mergez, who offered it to the NPG in 1860 when it was declined because she was unable to state a price. It was sold to the NPG in 1878 by Mrs Kenney's son C. L. Kenney who said 'the picture has been in the family ever since it was given by Opie the painter to my mother whose first husband Holcroft was and has never been touched since it left his easel. It is a very fine specimen of Opie's portrait painting as I think you will agree' (letter to Scharf 14 August 1878 in NPG archive).

Physical descriptionback to top

Half-length seated facing, holding spectacles, black coat lined with light brown, white neckcloth; short reddish-brown hair, light hazel eyes, dark complexion.

Provenanceback to top

Given by Opie to Mrs Holcroft; her stepdaughter Baroness Louise Mergez; her brother C. L. Kenney who sold it to the NPG in 1878.

Exhibitionsback to top

(Probably) RA 1804 (123).

Reproductionsback to top

Mezzotint by Hodgetts published April 1816; stipple by Blood published as frontispiece to his Memoirs (ed. Hazlitt 1816).

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

View all known portraits for Thomas Holcroft

View all known portraits for John Opie


Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs

Test your memory by playing our matching pairs game. Three levels of difficulty make it fun for the whole family.

Test your skill

Regency familiar faces

Rearrange tiles to uncover sitters from the Gallery's Collection by playing our puzzle game.

Play today

Who do you think you were?

Answer a few lifestyle questions about the Elizabethan period and discover your inner Elizabethan!

Start now