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Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

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Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland, by Louis Gauffier, 1796 -NPG 1382 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Regency Portraits Catalogue

Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

by Louis Gauffier
1796
26 1/4 in. x 19 3/4 in. (667 mm x 502 mm)
NPG 1382

Inscriptionback to top

Signed and dated lower left corner: Gauffier Florce 1796.

Physical descriptionback to top

Whole-length standing to left leaning against a ruined column, dark blue tail-coat, buff knee-breeches with buff laces, white silk stockings, black slippers with paste buckles, short rattan cane in right hand, left holding yellow leather gloves and black beaver hat with pale blue and crimson lining; long fair wig over fair, nearly white hair, blue eyes, pale complexion, serious expression, aged 20-5. City of Florence in the background.

Provenanceback to top

Bought from W. S. Green of 106 Shaftesbury Avenue in 1904 as Henry Vassall Fox, 3rd Baron Holland (1773-1840), appearing as Lord Holland in NPG catalogues until the 1949 edition since when it has been classified as 'Unknown Young Man in Florence'. Holland was certainly in Florence at this time; his portrait by Gauffier, signed and dated: Florce 1794 is still in the Holland collection, half-length seated aged 21 with dark brown hair (Holland House Catalogue, 1904, 122 and Addenda, pp 13-14). Its companion portrait by Gauffier of Lady Holland, then Lady Webster, signed and dated 1795, was also in the Holland collection (ibid., 409 and reproduced Ilchester, The Home of the Hollands, 1937, p 128). The fair-haired young man in NPG 1382 has not been identified but was presumably one of the many well-to-do Englishmen (possibly Scotsmen or Swedes) dallying in Florence on the Grand Tour and probably a close friend of Louis Gauffier. The same young man appears in another Gauffier picture, 'Vue de Vallambrosa', in Musée Paul Marmottan, Paris, with another version in Musée Fabre, Montpellier. He has not been identified here either.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.