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Maria Clementina Sobieska

Maria Clementina Sobieska, by Unknown artist, circa 1719 -NPG 1262 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Maria Clementina Sobieska

by Unknown artist
circa 1719
24 3/4 in. x 19 3/4 in. (629 mm x 502 mm) oval
NPG 1262

This portraitback to top

Acquired as a Trevisani, [1] NPG 1262 was also, at one time, given to Largillière. In the light of present knowledge neither attribution now carries conviction. A similar and superior portrait by Blanchet, signed and inscribed Roma on the back, was sold, lot 81, with companion portraits of her husband and their sons, the 'Young Pretender' and Cardinal York, the former signed and dated 1739, Christie's, 25 March 1966, from the collection of Lt-Col. G. H. Hay, Duns Castle, Berwickshire. Alexander Hay, an ancestor, was the brother of William Hay of Edington, [2] a Jacobite supporter who was apparently conducting negotiations with Blanchet, c.1738-41. [3] According to Harding, c.1804, the portrait was painted in France and sent by the sitter's husband as a gift to Hay of Drummelzier [4] but this is not borne out by the inscription. As in NPG 1262, the Blanchet appears to show Maria in Mary of Modena's pearls and the pearl-coloured gown and coiffe worn at her wedding. [5] Blanchet did not leave France until c.1728 which is too late for the costume and apparent age; the type is probably based on NPG 1262 or another like it. Other possible sources are the portrait in the Duke of Alba's collection (69) and a half length miniature sold as by Rosalba, Christie's, 7 November 1960, lot 50. [6] A number of life-size copies of the latter are known. The portrait attributed to Largillière in the collection of Mrs Colin Davy may also be connected with the group.

Footnotesback to top

1) E. Greg, correspondence, NPG picture dossier.
2) Christie's catalogue, p 23.
3) Extracts from the Stuart papers, Royal Archives, Windsor, relating to portraits, compiled by the Hon. Miss Stuart-Wortley, II, p 18.
4) G. P. Harding, List of Portraits ... in Various Mansions of the United Kingdom ... MS, c.1804, II, p 26.
5) Martin Haile [Miss Hallé], James Francis Edward, The Old Chevalier, 1907, p 275.
6) Christie's catalogue, p 23.

Physical descriptionback to top

Dark brown eyes, long straight nose, pale complexion, powdered hair dressed with a single strand of pearls, centrepiece of black diamonds and pearls; grey silk dress, red ermine mantle held over the shoulders by a blue ribbon, pendant and brooch partly hidden by the lace of dress and mantle; plain grey background.

Conservationback to top

Rubbed, particularly in the lower part of face, and neck; some retouchings now discoloured.

Provenanceback to top

Bought, 1900, from Eustace Greg, 82 Park Street, Mayfair.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

View all known portraits for Maria Clementina Sobieska


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