2 of 15 portraits of Phil May
- Extended catalogue entry
by Phil May
Black painted silhouette on glass, 1894
5 1/2 in. x 3 1/2 in. (140 mm x 90 mm)
Inscriptionback to top
Inscr. lower left: ‘yours truly / Phil May. / 94.’
Small label removed from back of original frame (now in NPG RP 3941) inscr.: ‘Portrait of himself sketched by / himself, whilst visiting the Aquarium’.
This portraitback to top
The silhouette, painted on a rectangle of glass, was offered as a gift to the National Portrait Gallery by Miss D. Finney of Ladbrooke Drive, Potters Bar, in June 1955. An old label removed from the frame refers to May visiting the ‘Aquarium’. The Royal Aquarium (on the site of present day Central Hall, Westminster) was a vast hall decorated with fishtanks and tropical plants, offering entertainment ranging from skating to bars and vaudeville theatre.  One of the popular entertainers was the hypnotist ‘Professor’ T.A. Kennedy,  of whom May also made a silhouette, formerly owned by the collector Desmond Coke: ‘…years ago in the Edgware Road I had the good luck to find three painted silhouettes […] two, representing [May] himself with his perpetual cigar and Kennedy of the old Aquarium instinct with the showman’s suave assurance’. 
Coke’s silhouette of Phil May (present whereabouts unknown; repr. Jackson 1911, pl.XLIX) presented the same profile as NPG 3941, but facing left, and with minute differences in the outline; it was signed and dated 1894, and inscribed ‘Hummums Hotel’.  There are two further self-portrait silhouettes by May now at Leeds City Art Gallery: a head-and-shoulders, close to NPG 3941, but facing left, dated 1889 and inscribed at top right ‘Hummums’ (LEEAG.PA.1956.0008.0016), and a fine whole-length figure facing right, with homburg and sketch pad, dated 1894 (LEEAG.1956.0008.0096).
Phil May’s work as a silhouettist is expert and relatively unfamiliar. The drawings are reductive, stylized extensions of his usual pen and ink work. Coke particularly admired them, for although there had been a revival in the fashion for profiles, the modern ones were often just ‘snipped out paper’ and (he thought in 1913) much inferior to those painted by May in the traditional manner. There are three further May silhouettes in the NPG collection: of Sir John Dugdale Astley (NPG 3173 and NPG 3173A) and the Marquess of Queensberry (NPG 3174), both personalities from the sporting world, in whole-length poses dated 1889.
See also NPG D3782, a 1921 London Sketch Club invitation with silhouette profiles of members including Phil May.
Footnotesback to top
1) The Royal Aquarium, Westminster (1876, renamed the Imperial Theatre, demolished 1903) was a ‘combination of winter gardens, music hall and variety performances, side shows, restaurants, and what not and it is claimed for it that at no other place in the world can so many sights be seen’; The Queen’s London: a Pictorial and Descriptive Record of the Streets, Buildings, Parks and Scenery of the Great Metropolis, 1896).
2) See ‘Kennedy the mesmerist’ poster, Evanion Coll., BL, London, Evan.388.
3) Coke 1913, p.221.
4) Hummums was a hotel in Covent Garden; see Mayne 1970, p.86 and fig.65 for other Covent Garden silhouettes made by May in 1894.
Physical descriptionback to top
Head-and-shoulders, profile to right with cigar.
Provenanceback to top
Given by Miss D. Finney, 1955.
Reproductionsback to top
Repr. NPG, CIC, 2004.
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