The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

First Previous 7 OF 15 NextLast

Phil May

7 of 15 portraits of Phil May

Phil May, by Phil May, 1901 -NPG 4149 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue Search

Phil May

by Phil May
Pencil on cream paper, 1901
6 1/4 in. x 4 in. (159 mm x 102 mm)
NPG 4149

Inscriptionback to top

Signed, dated and inscr. at right: ‘To John / Hartle[y?] / from / yours / always / Phil / May. / April 2 / 1901’.

This portraitback to top

Nothing is known about John ?Hartley to whom Phil May dedicated this drawing in 1901. It is an example of the classic May self-parody – a leery profile, cigar clamped in jaw – signed and dedicated with a flourish. [1]

There were dozens in circulation. Phil May was a famous, very recognizable figure and the sketches had instant currency; they were scattered, changed hands, treasured or perished. Some of them eventually found their way into public collections: quickly in the case of Bradford City Art Gallery – a pair of undated pencil sketches were acquired in 1905 (1905-1, 1905-2); in the case of the National Portrait Gallery the earliest self-portrait caricature entered the collection in 1934 (see NPG 2661).

Other May self-caricatures in public collections include four drawings at the British Museum: May as Mr Punch on a wooden horse; two pen and ink sketches (1920,0612.22 and 1920,0612.23); a charcoal drawing, That’s Me when I’m Old, possibly drawn in Australia c.1886–8 (1920,0612.11); and a profile to left (1949,0601.21)), all undated. Self-caricatures at the Victoria and Albert Museum include: a pen and ink sheet of caricatures dated 1889 (SD.640); a pencil profile dated 1896 (E.1031-1948); and a pencil caricature on a cotton dickey (S.12-2000). In other collections see a slight pencil sketch, full-face (NLA, Canberra, R9679); at least two self-portraits (MFA, San Francisco, P. May 1893 American sketchbook); a menu card, ‘me in the chair’, pen and ink, 1894 and other drawings (Savage Club, London); a chalk caricature, 1897 (Chelsea Arts Club, London); a pen and ink whole-length profile, inscribed 1901 (Mark Samuels Lasner Coll., U. of Delaware; repr. Stetz 2007, p.77). Some are quick scribbles, many are repetitions of a familiar type. Self-caricatures in the collection of the Leeds City Art Gallery (May’s home town) include two ink silhouettes with cigar (LEEAG.PA.1956.0008.0016 and 1956.0008.0096), and two sketch profiles of 1897 (LEEAG.PA.1956.0008.0108 and 1927.0737). For caricatures by other artists see ‘All known portraits’.

A variation on the profile type appeared from about 1895 when May was elected to the staff of Punch; from then on he might give himself a Mr Punch profile, as on the invitation card for the Phil May memorial exhibition at the Leicester Galleries, 1903 (repr. Cuppleditch 1981, p.53); or he drew himself dressed, painted and acting as a jester (e.g., the vignettes, colophons, and end papers, Phil May Folio 1904, copy NPG Archive). [2]

Another variant is a figure that sits between caricature and portraiture, where May used himself (drawn fairly straight) as the artist-type in a comical situation. There are examples of these milder caricatures in the pages of the illustrated magazines (e.g., St Stephen’s Review, Punch, the Sketch), and in the May annuals that appeared from 1892 to 1905. [3] See also the undated drawing of himself (Leeds CAG, LEEAG.PA.1964.0002.0003) in a character part (Pistol in Henry V).

Marion Harry Spielmann in his History of Punch (1895) made the point that May was not, within the profession, a true caricaturist:

[Mr May] cannot be called a caricaturist, for in his work there lacks that fierce quality of critical conception – above all, that subject-matter that makes one think, that sardonic appeal to head and heart at once, which make up the sum of true caricature […] He is neither a politician nor a reformer, nor even, if properly understood, a satirist. His aim is to show men and things as they really are, seen through a curtain of fun and raillery – not as they might or ought to be. [4]

Carol Blackett-Ord

Footnotesback to top

1) ‘Any collector of May drawings will have encountered scores of hastily drawn self-portraits, the fringe, the cigar, the aimiable grin, filling up the space of menu cards, invitations and autograph albums’; Houfe 2002, p.xi. In the 1980s a number of May self-portrait sketches appeared in the London salerooms (Christie’s, South Kensington and Phillips, not ill.), and at the dealers Abbott & Holder. See also Christie’s, 7 Mar. 1978 (120, 121); and Chris Beetles and other specialist dealers.
2) See the Punch Archive at the BL, London for further possible self-portraits.
3) However, for The Parson and the Painter (serialized in St Stephen’s Review, 1889–91, publ. as a book 1891) May did not use himself as a model for the fictional protagonist ‘Charlie Summers’.
4) Spielmann 1895a, p.569.

Physical descriptionback to top

Whole-length, back view, head profile to left with cigar and hat, hands clasped.

Conservationback to top

Conserved, 1983.

Provenanceback to top

Given by F.H. Aitken-Walker, 1960.

Reproductionsback to top

Repr. NPG, CIC, 2004.

View all known portraits for Philip William ('Phil') May


Make a donation

Support our Make History appeal and help us transform the Gallery.

Help us make history

Online shop

A unique range of books, accessories and gifts. Every purchase supports the Gallery’s work.

Shop now

Bring a familiar face home

Refresh your home gallery with a huge selection of custom art prints .

Buy a print