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Sir Anthony Panizzi

Sir Anthony Panizzi, by George Frederic Watts, circa 1847 -NPG 1010 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Sir Anthony Panizzi

by George Frederic Watts
circa 1847
29 3/4 in. x 29 5/8 in. (756 mm x 752 mm)
NPG 1010

This portraitback to top

This is an unfinished version of the portrait in the Ilchester Collection, exhibited Watts Exhibition, Arts Council (London only), 1955 (12). The latter was apparently executed at the British Museum between 16 October and 7 November 1847, and shows Panizzi in a characteristic attitude, transcribing notes from an early printed book. In an undated letter, Panizzi wrote to Haywood:

'I dined at Holland House on Saturday last, and Watts (the painter) came after dinner. There is at Holland House a famous portrait of Baretti by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Lord and Lady Holland and some of the guests having prepared all this without my knowledge beforehand, surrounded me after dinner, made me look at Baretti's portrait, and then said there should be a pendant to it, and that my portrait, taken by Watts, should be the thing. It was no use saying more than I did - which was not a little to decline the honour. The thing was a foregone conclusion; and so, before Watts goes to Italy, which he is going to do almost immediately, he is going to paint me.' [1]
Another quite different portrait of Panizzi was presented to the sitter by the officers of the British Museum on his retirement in July 1866, and subsequently returned by him to the Museum; it was exhibited RA, 1868 (685), engraved by J. Outrim, published J. Noseda (example in British Museum); Outrim's engraving was exhibited RA, 1874 (1276).

Footnotesback to top

1) L. Fagan, The Life of Sir Anthony Panizzi (1880), I, 324; Fagan dates this letter 1850. The Earl of Ilchester, Chronicles of Holland House (1937), p 374n (the Ilchester version is reproduced facing p 374), on the evidence of the Holland House Dinner Books, dates the dinner to 16 October 1847. The terminal date of 7 November 1847 is given in the Arts Council catalogue (London), p 27. M. S. Watts, I, 100, provides the information that the portrait was painted in the British Museum.

Referenceback to top

Bateman 1901
C. T. Bateman, G. F. Watts, RA (1901), p 48.

Dibdin 1923
E. R. Dibdin, George Frederick Watts (1923), pp 32 and 34.

Ilchester 1937
Earl of Ilchester, Chronicles of Holland House (1937) pp 373-4.

Muther 1903
R. Muther, Geschichte der Englischen Malerei (1903), p 68.

Phythian 1906
J. E. Phythian, George Frederick Watts (New York, 1906), p 169.

Catalogue of Works by G. F. Watts', compiled by Mrs M. S. Watts (Ms, Watts Gallery, Compton), II, 122.

Watts 1912
[Mrs] M. S. Watts, George Frederic Watts (1912), I, 66, 100-1.

Physical descriptionback to top

Healthy complexion, brown eyes, brown hair with grey streaks. Dressed in a white shirt, black neck-tie, dark green waistcoat, and dark reddish-brown coat. Seated at a table covered in a dark green cloth. The book Panizzi is reading is white, and it rests on another reddish-brown, leather-bound volume. The piece of paper on which he is writing, with a white quill pen, is white and it rests on a pinkish blotter. In the immediate foreground is a dark green sheet of paper, apparently an official British Museum form on which is printed, '[PRIV]ATE AND CONFIDENTIAL/... PRINTED BOOKS/... [BRIT]ISH MUSEUM.' At the top of this paper is part of a hand-written note, which appears to read: 'A Panizzi/British Museum/Complimentary'. In the background of the portrait are shelves with large books, reddish-brown in colour; on the left the grid pattern of a wire-fronted bookcase is vaguely indicated.

Provenanceback to top

The artist, presented by him, 1895.

Exhibitionsback to top

Winter Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, 1882, 'Collection of the Work of G. F. Watts' (16); Art Exhibition, City Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, 1885-6 (117); Collection of Pictures by G. F. Watts, Arts Council touring exhibition, 1955 (5), reproduced in catalogue, plate VIb.

Reproductionsback to top

R. Muther, Geschichte der Englischen Malerei (1903), p 6.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Ormond, Early Victorian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1973, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

View all known portraits for Sir Anthony Panizzi

View all known portraits for George Frederic Watts



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