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Alexander Pope

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Alexander Pope, by Louis François Roubiliac, possibly late 19th century, based on a work of circa 1738 -NPG 2483 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Alexander Pope

after Louis François Roubiliac
possibly late 19th century, based on a work of circa 1738
25 5/8 in. (651 mm) high
NPG 2483

Inscriptionback to top

Base, of one piece with the bust, incised POPE.

This portraitback to top

Although evidently inspired by Roubiliac, NPG 2483 is neither a close nor faithful copy of any of his busts. [1] On stylistic grounds it is likely to be a late, possibly 19th century, work. Vertue, 1741, records: 'Mr. Rubbilac Sculptor of Marble - besides several works in Marble - moddels in Clay. had Modelld from the Life several Busts or portraits extreamly like Mr. Pope. more like than any other Sculptor has done I think ...'. [2] In 1742, describing Pope at Lord Oxford's sale, the young Joshua Reynolds noted: 'Roubiliac the statuary, who made a bust of him from life observed that his countenance was that of a person who had been much afflicted with headache, and that he should have known the fact from the contracted appearance of his skin above the eyebrows, though he had not been apprised of it.’ [3]
Roubiliac had completed a bust by 1738. Four marble versions are dated as follows: 1738, now at Temple Newsam House, Leeds, probably sold from Kenwood, 1922; 1740, at Milton, the Earl of Fitzwilliam, and the only one of the four not incised ad vivum; 1741, Shipley Art Gallery, Gateshead, at one time in the Lambton collection, from the posthumous sale of Mrs Garrick and presumably owned by Garrick himself; again 1741, Dalmeny, collection Lord Rosebery, the bust reported, 1791, in the possession of James Bindley (1737-1818), a collector of note at the Stamp Office, later owned by George Watson Taylor, previous owner of NPG 112, and by Sir Robert Peel. A full head-and-shoulders terracotta corresponding with the Rosebery bust and presumably preceding the marbles, was lot c76 on the third day of the Roubiliac sale, 14 May 1762 and probably then passed to the surgeon and collector John Belchier (1706-85). Later owners were Samuel Rogers, John Murray III and Mrs Copner from whom it was acquired, Sotheby's, 19 June 1970, lot 47, by the Barber Institute of Fine Arts. A plaster of the same type in the British Museum was among those bought by Dr Maty at the sculptor's sale. A number of other versions include a small bronze in the collection of F. J. B. Watson, and the marble in the Victoria and Albert Museum. [4]

Footnotesback to top

1) W. K. Wimsatt, The Portraits of Alexander Pope, 1965, pp 227-50.
2) G. Vertue, Vertue Note Books (edited by The Earl of Ilchester), Walpole Society, 1930-55, III, p 105.
3) W. K. Wimsatt, The Portraits of Alexander Pope, 1965, xxv.
4) M. Whinney, Victoria and Albert Museum, English Sculpture 1720-1830, 1971, pp 80-82.

Physical descriptionback to top

Short wavy hair, deep lines from nose to mouth; neck and chest bare, shoulders framed by folds of gown or drapery.

Conservationback to top

Tip of nose broken and replaced; a few paint losses.

Provenanceback to top

Bought, 1930, from the Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels; stated to have been in a garden at Antwerp, and brought from England many years before.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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