The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Lennox

Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Lennox, by Simon Jacques Rochard, circa 1815 -NPG 4943 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Regency Portraits Catalogue

Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Lennox

attributed to Simon Jacques Rochard
circa 1815
3 in. x 2 1/2 in. (76 mm x 64 mm) oval
NPG 4943

Inscriptionback to top

Inscribed in ink on the old backing paper, indistinctly: [Char]les Lennox/Duke of Ric[hmond]/Lennox & Aubig[ny.]

This portraitback to top

The miniature was acquired with Sotheby's attribution to James Nixon but after examination by Mr J. Murrell in the V&A Museum this was changed to the more likely attribution to one of the Rochards, probably S. J. R. (Murrell's technical report in registered packet). S. J. Rochard painted Wellington in Brussels on 13 June 1815 when Richmond is also known to have sat to him (Daphne Foskett, Dictionary of British Miniature Painters, 1972, p 476). Rochard exhibited RA 1816 a 'portrait of a gentleman' annotated in the Anderdon Catalogue (RA library) as 'Duke of Richmond', but another miniature, attributed to François Rochard (S. J. R.'s younger brother), was lent to SKM 1865 (294) by the Duke of Richmond, possibly that still at Goodwood (315), engraved by C. Knight with artist's name as E. Scott (reproduced Country Life, 3 September 1964, p 583).
Richmond was created Duc D'Aubigny by Louis XVIII on 18 March 1818, possibly on his appointment as Governor-General of Canada, and the inscription on the miniature's backing may have been added then.

Physical descriptionback to top

Head and shoulders in general's uniform, Ribbon and Star of KG; light brown hair, grey eyes, pale complexion; column and green curtain background.

Provenanceback to top

A. Ebelthithe of Twickenham; Sotheby's 30 April 1973 (83) bought Leggatt for the NPG.

Exhibitionsback to top

RA 1816 (582).

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

Visit From Your Armchair

Self-portrait as My Father from the series Encounter  by Silvia Rosi © Silvia Rosi

Taylor Wessing Photographic Portrait Prize

An online exhibition celebrating the very best in contemporary portrait photography.

Visit now

Hold Still

Hold Still

Explore our community photography project, which presents a personal record of the UK during lockdown.

Explore the exhibition

Margaret Thatcher by Spitting Images Productions Ltd painted plastic, 1985

Sculptures in 360°

See sculptures and fascinating objects from our Collection from all angles.

View the 360s

David Hockney: Drawing from Life

Watch highlights from our special exhibition, which had to close early in March 2020 due to lockdown.

See the video