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Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York, by Gioacchimo Hamerani, 1788 -NPG 2784 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York

by Gioacchimo Hamerani
1788
2 1/8 in. (54 mm) diameter
NPG 2784

Inscriptionback to top

Obverse: Lettered round the rim: HEN·­IX·­MAG·­.BRIT·­FR·­ET·­HIB·­/REX·­FID­·­DEF·­CARD·­EP·­TVSC, the lettering interrupted by the head and shoulders. Signed on the cutaway: G.HAM.F. in smaller capitals.
Reverse: lettered round the sky:
NON·DESIDERIIS·­HOMINVM·­SED·­VOLVNTATE·­DEI and dated beneath: AN.MDCCLXXXVIII.

This portraitback to top

Gioacchimo, fl. 1775-1800, was the last of the long line of Hamerani medallists who worked at the Papal Zecca for nearly two centuries. The medal was struck in the year of the Young Pretender's death and its iconography, suggesting the abandonment of all earthly things, is perhaps relevant.

Physical descriptionback to top

Obverse: skull cap, mozzetta and pectoral cross.
Reverse: Religion holding the Bible and cross; a lion, a cardinal's hat and a crown at her feet; in the background St Peter's, the Tiber and Calvary.

Provenanceback to top

Given, 1935, by Sir Reginald Stubbs.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.

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