Sir Henry Irving as Alfred Jingle
- Extended catalogue entry
© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Henry Irving as Alfred Jingle
attributed to Henry Courtney Selous
Pencil and sepia wash drawing, circa 1870s
15 1/2 in. x 12 1/8 in. (395 mm x 308 mm) overall
This portraitback to top
This is one of the most intriguing portraits of Henry Irving in the National Portrait Gallery Collection. A loosely sketched, life-size study of a head, it is taken not from a live sitting but a detail on a carte-de-visite photograph. The drawing is attributed to the popular Victorian artist Henry Courtney Selous. 
The photograph that so interested the artist showed Irving in a play based on The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens. The book was adapted for the theatre by James (‘Jim’) Albery in 1871 and staged at the Lyceum, with Irving taking the part of the strolling actor Alfred Jingle.  Theatre historian Jeffrey Richards has written: ‘Jingle, in his staccato speech, easygoing charm and self-confidence was a part that fitted Irving like a glove’;  and Irving’s Jingle did much to restore the Lyceum’s fortunes.
The original image of Irving straddling a chair, his legs thrust out in front of him, is one of five poses taken by the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company.  Though the artist chose a full-length image he was only interested in the head; and to catch Irving’s cunning expression would have required skilful scaling-up. In the 1870s Selous, though in his seventies, was at the peak of his fortunes. As an artist he is remembered for outline illustration work, but he also ‘practised in large-scale work’, frescos and panoramas.  The sketch may have been made during the 1870s when Pickwick had two productions. 
The drawing was offered to the Gallery as a portrait of Henry Irving by Henry Courtney Selous, by Mr Malcolm Temple of Earls Court, London, in 1981. Impressed but perplexed by this head, curator Robin Gibson consulted the theatre historian Martin Holmes, stressing ‘there is […] absolutely no documentation to substantiate either the attribution or the identification’. Holmes was able to identify the photographic source but not the artist. 
At their meeting in May 1981 the Trustees approved the purchase – the sitter’s identity was not in doubt; the asking price of £240 was remitted to Mr Temple, and the drawing entered the Collection as a portrait of Irving by H.C. Selous. Documentation remains very slight, however, so pending further research NPG 5400 remains only attributed to Selous.
Footnotesback to top
1) ‘He was an indefatigable worker, continuing to paint up to the last year of his life […] a first-rate actor and Shakespearian reader.’ ILN, 11 Oct. 1890, p.254 (obits). See also Uglow 2011b.
2) Charles Dickens had recently died in 1870.
3) ‘Jingle was one of the defining roles of Irving’s career. He played the role in James Albery’s Pickwick at the Lyceum on 23 October 1871 […] Later  it was cut from three acts to six scenes and re-emerged as Jingle, purely a vehicle for Irving’; Richards 2005, pp.33–4.
4) The London Stereoscopic & Photographic Co. also photographed Irving as Mathias in The Bells in 1871, in a famous series of at least 13 stage poses; see ‘All known portraits, II. In stage character, The Bells, Photographs, 1871’.
5) Uglow 2011b.
6) See note 3 above.
7) Letters from R. Gibson to M. Holmes, 24 Feb. 1981, and M. Holmes to R. Gibson, 26 Feb. 1981, NPG RP 5400.
Physical descriptionback to top
Life-size head, three-quarters to left, curl on forehead, smiling grimly, wearing a buttoned-up coat.
Provenanceback to top
Purchased from Mr Malcolm Temple, May 1981.
Exhibitionsback to top
Recent Acquisitions, National Portrait Gallery, London, 1982.
View all known portraits for Henry Courtney Selous