The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

George Frederic Watts

George Frederic Watts, by Enrico Cantoni, 1904 -NPG 5283 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue Search

George Frederic Watts

by Enrico Cantoni
Painted plaster cast (death mask), 1904
13 1/4 in. (337 mm)
NPG 5283

This portraitback to top

Watts died on 1 July 1904 at 6 Melbury Road, Kensington, after three weeks suffering from acute pneumonia and a weakened heart. Among his carefully recorded last words were the statement ‘I am not frightened. I don’t believe in the powers of darkness. I believe in the Everlasting Light,’ and the following:

I saw the breath of the Creator acting on nebulous matter so that agitating waves and revolving lines flow from this in all directions, and yet I saw that in all this violence and convulsion there was a restraining Force. The converging lines were evolution and the apparent conflict was a necessary part. Last night I was in one of those spaces where collision had not taken place, all was clear and splendid. Now I see that great Book. I see the great light.’ [1]

His wife Mary wrote, ‘Can we ever forget his face. So beautiful, spiritual, enraptured.’ [2] In the final hours, Mary read Tennyson’s ‘In Memoriam’ aloud, and Watts called repeatedly on ‘the Messengers of Death’ to come for him. [3]

On 2 July, the 10th Earl of Wemyss and March, lifelong friend and patron, whom Watts had met in Italy in 1843, instructed sculptor Henry Poole to have casts taken of the artist’s head and hands, and under the supervision of sculptor Alexander Fisher the task was entrusted to a plasterman named Enrico Cantoni; he may have specialized in death masks, or assisted with the latest amendments to Physical Energy alongside Fisher. [4] The following day the body lay in state in the studio, and on 4 July was taken to Brookwood Cemetery for cremation.

A second cast is in the Watts Gallery, Compton, together with the cast of Watts’s hand and one of the clasped hands of himself and his wife. The present work appears to be a cast formerly in the possession of his widow and the Watts Gallery.

Dr Jan Marsh

Footnotesback to top

1) Mary Seton Watts Diary, 16–17 June 1904; quoted Gould 2004, p.354.
2) Mary Seton Watts Diary, 19 June 1904; quoted Gould 2004, p.355.
3) Gould 2004, p.355.
4) Gould 2004, p.355. For Poole, see NPG 2480.

Physical descriptionback to top

Face only, after death.

Provenanceback to top

Ronald Chapman; Sotheby’s, 14 Nov. 1979 (161a, provenance given as Watts Gallery Compton); Christopher Wood, from whom purchased 1980.

Reproductionsback to top

Gould 2004, fig.234.

View all known portraits for George Frederic Watts


Become a Member

Enjoy access to special events, discounts on the Gallery online shop, supporters’ updates and much more

Join today

Get social

Bringing people together by sharing the portraits and stories of the men and women who have shaped our nation.

Facebook Instagram Twitter


Sign up to receive information on exhibitions, collections and activities of the National Portrait Gallery, including special offers, shop products, and exclusive competitions.

Sign up