The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Resources and bibliography

The following records have been used in compiling the four online resources, British artists' suppliers, 1650-1950, British picture framemakers, 1600-1950, British picture restorers, 1600-1950 and British bronze sculpture founders and plaster figure makers, 1800-1980. Last updated August 2019.

Business records
Official records
Periodicals and newspapers
Trade cards and catalogues
Websites and digital resources

Bibliography

Multi-authored works are cited in brief by the first author only

Agnew 1967 Geoffrey Agnew, Agnew's 1817-1967, 1967, including app.1 and 2.
Anderson 1994 Jaynie Anderson, ‘A ‘most improper picture’: transformations of Bronzino's erotic allegory’, Apollo, vol.139, February 1994, pp.19-28.
Ashton 1992 Geoffrey Ashton, Catalogue of Paintings at the Theatre Museum, London, 1992.
Asleson 2001 Robyn Asleson and Shelley Bennett, British Paintings at the Huntington, 2001.
Auerbach 1971 Erna Auerbach and C. Kingsley Adams, Paintings and Sculpture at Hatfield House: A Catalogue, 1971.
Avery-Quash 2015 Susanna Avery-Quash, ‘The Art of Conservation II: Sir Charles Eastlake and Conservation at the National Gallery, London’, Burlington Magazine, vol.157, 2015, pp.846-54.
Ayres 1985 James Ayres, The Artist's Craft: A History of Tools, Techniques and Materials, 1985.

Bamford 1983 Francis Bamford, A Dictionary of Edinburgh Wrights and Furniture Makers 1660-1840, in Furniture History, vol.19, 1983.
BAPR British Association of Picture Restorers
Barcham Green 1994 Simon Barcham Green, ‘Making Artists’ Papers at Hayle Mill’, in Alison Richmond (ed.), Modern Works, Modern Problems? Conference Papers, papers presented to the Institute of Paper Conservation conference at the Tate Gallery, 1994, pp.32-40.
Barker 2009 Elizabeth E. Barker, ‘Documents relating to Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-97)’, Walpole Society, vol.71, 2009, pp.1-216.
Bathurst 1908 Earl Bathurst, Catalogue of the Bathurst Collection of Pictures, 1908.
Beard 1981 Geoffrey Beard, Craftsmen and Interior Decoration in England 1660-1820, 1981.
Beattie 1983 Susan Beattie, The New Sculpture, 1983.
Beckett 1964 R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.II Early Friends and Maria Bicknell (Mrs Constable), Suffolk Records Society, vol.4, 1964.
Beckett 1965 R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.III The Correspondence with C.R. Leslie, Suffolk Records Society, vol.8, 1965.
Beckett 1966 R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.IV Patrons, Dealers and Fellow Artists, Suffolk Records Society, vol.10, 1966.
Beckett 1967 R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.V Various Friends..., Suffolk Records Society, vol.11, 1967.
Beckett 1968 R.B. Beckett (ed.), John Constable's Correspondence: vol.VI The Fishers, Suffolk Records Society, vol.12, 1968.
Bennett 1971 Mary Bennett and Edward Morris, The Emma Holt Bequest, Sudley Illustrated Catalogue and History of the House, Liverpool City Council, 1971.
Bennett 1988 Mary Bennett, Artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Circle, The First Generation, Catalogue of Works in the Walker Art Gallery, Lady Lever Art Gallery and Sudley Art Gallery, 1988.
Bennett 2010 Mary Bennett, Ford Madox Brown: A Catalogue Raisonné, 2010.
Bentley 2007 Gerald Eades Bentley, ‘Blake's Heavy Metal: The History, Weight, Uses, Cost, and Makers of His Copper Plates’, University of Toronto Quarterly, vol.76, 2007, pp.714-70.
Bilbey 2002 Diane Bilbey, with Marjorie Trusted, British Sculpture 1470 to 2000: A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum, 2002.
Bills 1999 Mark Bills, in Simon Olding et al, A Victorian Salon: Paintings from the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum, 1999.
Blunt 1979 Anthony Blunt, ‘Petworth Rehung: The Restoration and Rehanging of the Petworth Collection 1952-53’, National Trust Studies 1980, 1979, pp.119-32.
BM Satires M.D. George, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires... in the British Museum, vols 6-8, 1938-47.
Bottoms 2002 Edward Bottoms,’A Directory of Agents, Buyers and Collectors', in Larissa Dukelskaya and Andrew Moore (eds), A Capital Collection: Houghton Hall and the Hermitage, 2002.
Bower 1990 Peter Bower, Turner’s Papers: A study of the manufacture, selection and use of his drawing papers 1787-1820, Tate Gallery, 1990.
Bower 1999 Peter Bower, Turner’s Later Papers: A study of the manufacture, selection and use of his drawing papers 1820-1851, Tate Gallery, 1999. See alsoPeter Bower, ‘Turner's use of papers and boards as a support for oil sketches', in Exploring Late Turner, exh. cat., Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, New York, 1999, p.61.
Bowness 2011 Sophie Bowness, 'Barbara Hepworth's Studio Practice: Plaster for Bronze', in Sophie Bowness (ed.), Barbara Hepworth: The Plasters. The Gift to Wakefield, 2011.
Boyd See Official records,Apprenticeships, above.
Bright 1973 Henry Bright 1810-1873: A Catalogue of Paintings and Drawings in the Collection of Norwich Castle Museum, 1973.
Bristow 1996 Ian C. Bristow, Interior House-Painting Colours and Technology 1615-1840, 1996.
Brockwell 1915 Maurice Brockwell, Catalogue of the Pictures and other Works of Art in the Collection of Lord St Oswald at Nostell Priory, 1915.
Bronkhurst 2006 Judith Bronkhurst, William Holman Hunt: A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols, 2006.
Brooks 1999 Hero Boothroyd Brooks, Practical Developments in English easel-painting conservation, c.1824-1968, from written sources, PhD thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, 1999.
Bryant 2003 Julius Bryant, Kenwood: Paintings in the Iveagh Bequest, 2003.
Bucholz 2006 R.O. Bucholz, Office-Holders in Modern Britain, vol.11, Court Officers, 1660-1837 (revised), 2006, 'The artistic establishment: Painters, Menders and Surveyors of the Pictures', at www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43808; ‘Joiner of the Privy Chamber 1660–1782’, at www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol11/pp377-383 (both accessed August 2015); an expanded online version of J.C. Sainty and R.O. Bucholz, Office-Holders in Modern Britain, vol.11, Officials of the Royal Household 1660-1837, 1997.
Buckeridge 1706 Bainbrigg Buckeridge, An Essay towards an English School of Painters, in Roger de Piles, The Art of Painting, and the Lives of the Painters, 1706.
Bustin 1999Mary Bustin, ‘Experimental Secrets and Extraordinary Colours’, in Tabitha Barber, Mary Beale: Portrait of a 17th-century painter, her family and her studio, Geffrye Museum, 1999, pp.42-59.
Bustin 2004Mary Bustin, 'The Rules or Problems of Painting: Gwen John's Later Painting Technique', in David Fraser Jenkins and Chris Stephens (eds), Gwen John and Augustus John, Tate Publishing, 2004.
Butlin 1981 Martin Butlin, ‘Turner’s Late Unfinished Oils: some new evidence for their late date’, Turner Studies, vol.1, no.2, 1981, pp.43-5.
Byam Shaw 1967 J. Byam Shaw, Paintings by Old Masters at Christ Church Oxford, 1967.

Callen 2000 Anthea Callen, The Art of Impressionism: Painting technique & the making of modernity, 2000.
Campbell 2014 Lorne Campbell, National Gallery Catalogues: The Sixteenth Century Netherlandish Paintings, 2014.
Carbone 2006 Teresa A. Carbone et al., American Paintings in the Brooklyn Museum: Artists born by 1876, 2006.
Carlyle 2001 Leslie Carlyle, The Artist's Assistant: Oil Painting Instruction Manuals and Handbooks in Britain 1800-1900 with Reference to Selected Eighteenth-Century Sources, 2001.
Chapel 2008 Jeannie Chapel, ‘The Papers of Joseph Gillott (1799-1872)’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.20, 2008.
Clarke 1981 Michael Clarke, The Tempting Prospect: a social history of English watercolours, 1981.
Clayton 1997Timothy Clayton, The English Print 1688-1802, 1997.
Clifford 1992 Timothy Clifford, ‘The Plaster Shops of the Rococo and Neo-Classical Era in Britain’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.4, 1992, pp.39-65.
Cline 1978 C.L. Cline, The Owl and the Rossettis: Letters of Charles A. Howell and Dante Gabriel, Christina, and William Michael Rossetti, 1978.
Cobbe 1976A. Cobbe, ‘Colourmen’s Canvas Stamps as an aid to dating paintings: a classification of Winsor and Newton’s canvas stamps from 1838-1920’, Studies in Conservation, vol.21, 1976, pp.85-94.
Cobbe 1976aR.A.C. Cobbe, ‘Examination of Modern Paintings: Technical Information received from Artists’, Studies in Conservation, vol.21, 1976, pp.25-33.
Colbourne 2011 Jane Colbourne, A critical survey of the materials and techniques of Charles Henry Sims RA (1873-1928) with special reference to egg tempera media and works of art on paper, doctoral thesis, 2011 (Northumbria University).
Collins 1998 Judith Collins, Eric Gill: The Sculpture‎, A Catalogue Raisonné, 1998.
Colvin 1976 Howard Colvin (ed.), The History of the King's Works, vol.5, 1660-1782, 1976.
Colvin 1982 Howard Colvin (ed.), The History of the King’s Works, vol.4, 1485-1660 (Part II), 1982.
Colvin 2008 Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 4th ed., 2008.
Completing the Picture 1982Completing the Picture: materials and techniques of twenty-six paintings in the Tate Gallery, Tate Gallery, 1982.
Connell 2007 David Connell, ‘John Anderson and John Bouttats: picture dealers in eighteenth-century London’, in Jeremy Warren and Adriana Turpin (eds), Auctions, Agents and Dealers. The Mechanisms of the Art Market 1660-1830, 2007, pp.113-26.
Constantin 2001 Stéphanie Constantin, ‘The Barbizon Painters: A Guide to their Suppliers’, Studies in Conservation, vol.46, 2001, pp.49-67.
Cove 1991Sarah Cove, ‘Constable's Oil Painting Materials and Techniques’, in Leslie Parris and I. Fleming-Williams (eds), Constable, Tate Gallery, 1991, pp.493-529.
Crespon-Halotier 2003 Béatrice Crespon-Halotier, Les peintres britanniques dans les salons parisiens des origines à 1939: Répertoire, Dijon, 2003.
Croft-Murray 1962 Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537-1837, vol.1, 1962.
Croft-Murray 1970 Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537-1837, vol.2, 1970.
Culme 1987 John Culme, Directory of Gold and Silversmiths, Jewellers, and Allied Traders, 1838-1914, 1987.
Cunningham 1843 Allan Cunningham, The Life of Sir David Wilkie, 3 vols, 1843.

Daley 2006 Michael Daley, 3-part series on cleaning pictures at the National Gallery in The Jackdaw, ‘You’ll wonder where the yellow went…’, June 2006, pp.20-1; ‘Weaver’s tangled web’, July/August 2006, pp.23-5; ‘Solvent abuse’, September 2006, pp.22-5.
DEF ‘Picture Frames’ inPercy Macquoid and Ralph Edwards, Dictionary of English Furniture, vol.3, 2nd ed., 1954, pp.19-34.
DEFM Geoffrey Beard and Christopher Gilbert (eds.), Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, 1986. Now online at British and Irish Furniture Makers Online.
Diaper 2012 Hilary Diaper, The Sadler Gift, 1923, Stanley & Audrey Burton Gallery, University of Leeds, 2012.
Dolman 2017 Brett Dolman, ‘Curating the Royal Collection at Hampton Court Palace in the nineteenth century’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.29, no.2, pp.271-90, with online supplement, ‘Inventory Catalogue of Her Majesty’s Pictures at Hampton Court Palace, 1861’
Doran 2006 Victoria Doran, 'Frith's frames and the business of frame-making', in Mark Bills and Vivien Knight, William Powell Frith: Painting the Victorian age, 2006, pp.156-60.
Dorey 1997 Helen Dorey, 'The Historic Framing and Presentation of Watercolours, Drawings and Prints at Sir John Soane's Museum', in Nancy Bell (ed.), Historic Framing and Presentation of Watercolours, Drawings and Prints, Institute of Paper Conservation, 1997.
Dorment 1985 Richard Dorment, Alfred Gilbert, 1985.
Dorment 1986 Richard Dorment, Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor and Goldsmith, exh.cat., Royal Academy, 1986.
Dunkerton 1980 Jill Dunkerton, ‘Technical Note: Joseph Southall’s Tempera Paintings’, in Joseph Southall 1861-1944 Artist-Craftsman, Birmingham Museums & Gallery, 1980, pp.18-24.

Edmond 1980 Mary Edmond, ‘New Light on the Lives of Miniaturists and Large-scale Portrait-painters working in London in the 16th and 17th Centuries’, Walpole Society, vol.47, 1980.
Edwards 1808 Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters who have resided or been born in England, 1808.
Einberg 2001 Elizabeth Einberg, ‘Catalogue Raisonne of the Works of George Lambert’, Walpole Society, vol.63, 2001.
Elzea 2001 Betty Elzea, Frederick Sandys 1829-1904, Woodbridge, 2001, incl. app.20, ‘Sandys’s frames and framers’, and app.21, ‘Evidence of suppliers of artists’ materials in Sandys’s work’.

Fairbairn 1982 Linda Fairbairn (compiler), Paint & Painting: an exhibition and working studio sponsored by Winsor & Newton to celebrate their 150th anniversary, Tate Gallery, 1982.
FaringtonK. Cave, K. Garlick and A. MacIntyre (eds), The Diary of Joseph Farington, 16 vols, 1978-84, here referred to by volume and page number.
Fawcett 1974 Trevor Fawcett, The Rise of English Provincial Art: artists, patrons, and institutions outside London, 1800-1830, Oxford, 1974, pp.52-4.
Ferran 2012 Denise Ferran and Valerie Holman, The Sculpture of F.E. McWilliam, 2012, p.85.
Ford 1983 John Ford, Ackermann 1783-1983, the Business of Art, Ackermann, 1983.
Ford 2018 John Ford, Rudolph Ackermann & the Regency World, 2018.
Forster 1848 Henry R. Forster, The Stowe Catalogue priced and annotated, 1848.
Foskett 1964 Daphne Foskett, John Smart: The Man and his Miniatures, 1964.
Fox 1992 Celina Fox (ed.), London. World City 1800-1840, exh.cat., Essen, 1992, pp.328-42.
Fraser 1994 Liana Fraser, ’Research into the history of conservation at the National Gallery of Victoria’, AICCM Bulletin, vol.19, 1994, pp.25-37, doi: 10.1179/bac.1994.19.3-4.002.
Fredeman William E. Fredeman (ed.), The Correspondence of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 2002-15, 10 vols, here referred to by letter number.
Frederiksen 2010 Rune Frederiksen and Eckart Marchand (eds), Plaster Casts: Making, Collecting and Displaying from Classical Antiquity to the Present, 2010.

Gage 1980 John Gage (ed.), Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, 1980.
Gage 1989 John Gage, George Field and his Circle: From Romanticism to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1989.
Gage 2001 John Gage, ‘A Romantic Colourman: George Field and British art’, Walpole Society, vol.63, 2001, pp.1-73.
Garnett 2000 Oliver Garnett, 'The Letters and Collection of William Graham: Pre-Raphaelite Patron and Pre-Raphael collector', Walpole Society, vol.62, 2000, pp.145-343.
Getty provenance index See Business records, Salerooms, above.
Gilbert 1987 Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diary of Alfred Gilbert for 1899, 1987.
Gilbert 1990 Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diaries of Alfred Gilbert for 1900 and 1901, 1990.
Gilbert 1992 Cecil Gilbert (ed), The Studio Diaries of Alfred Gilbert between 1890 and 1897, 2 vols, 1992.
Gilbert 1996 Christopher Gilbert, Pictorial Dictionary of Marked London Furniture 1700-1840, 1996.
Goodwin 1966 Michael Goodwin, Artist and Colourman, 1966.
Gott 2007 Ted Gott, Laurie Benson, Sophie Matthiesson et al., Modern Britain 1900-1960: Masterworks from Australian and New Zealand Collections, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 2007.
Griffiths 1996 Antony Griffiths, Landmarks in Print Collecting: Connoisseurs and Donors at the British Museum since 1753, 1996.
Gunnis 1968 Rupert Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, revised ed., 1968.

Hackney 1999Stephen Hackney, Rica Jones and Joyce Townsend (eds.), Paint and Purpose. A Study of Technique in British Art, Tate Gallery Publishing, 1999. Case studies on British paintings from 1594 to 1958.
Hall 1962 Douglas Hall, 'The Tabley House Papers', Walpole Society, vol.38, 1962, pp.59-122.
Hardie 1967 Martin Hardie, Water-colour Painting in Britain, vol.1, The Eighteenth Century, 1967, 2nd ed, pp.17-24, 31.
Harley 1979 R.D. Harley, ‘Field’s Manuscripts: early 19th-century colour samples and fading tests’, Studies in Conservation, vol.24, 1979, p.81.
Harley 1982 R.D. Harley, Artists’ Pigments c. 1600-1835: A Study in English Documentary Sources, 2nd ed., 1982.
Harley 1987R.D. Harley, ‘Artists’ Prepared Canvases from Winsor & Newton: 1928-1951’, Studies in Conservation, vol.32, 1987, pp.77-85.
Heal 1972 Ambrose Heal, The London Furniture Makers from the Restoration to the Victorian Era 1660-1840, 1972 reprint, first published 1953.
Hervey 1894 The Diary of John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol. With extracts from his Book of Expenses, 1688 to 1742, 1894.
Hill 1984 David Hill, ‘A Taste for the Arts: Turner and the Patronage of Edward Lascelles of Harewood House’, Turner Studies, vol.4, no.2, 1984, pp.24-33.
Hodgkinson 1995 Ian S. Hodkinson and Deborah M. Child, ‘An 18th-century artist-applied lining: Joseph Wright of Derby's Cut through the Rock at Cromford’, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 1995, vol.34, no.1, pp.33-47 (see http://aic.stanford.edu/jaic/articles/jaic34-01-003_indx.html).
Hoff 1973 Ursula Hoff, National Gallery of Victoria: European Painting and Sculpture before 1800, 3rd ed., 1973.
Houliston 1999 Laura Houliston, 'Frame Making in Edinburgh 1790-1830', Regional Furniture, vol.13, 1999, pp.58-77.
Humfrey 2004 Peter Humfrey, Timothy Clifford, Aidan Weston-Lewis and Michael Bury, The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections, exh.cat., National Galleries of Scotland, 2004.
Hutchison 1962 Sidney Hutchison, ‘The Royal Academy Schools, 1768-1830’, Walpole Society, vol.38, 1962.

Ingamells 1981 John Ingamells, The Hertford Mawson Letters: The 4th Marquess of Hertford to his agent Samuel Mawson, 1981.
Ingamells 1985 John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.1 British, German, Italian, Spanish, 1985.
Ingamells 1986 John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.2 French 19th-century, 1986.
Ingamells 1989 John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.3 French before 1815, 1989.
Ingamells 1992 John Ingamells, The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures, vol.4 Dutch and Flemish, 1992.
Ingamells 2000 John Ingamells, The Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 2000.
Ingamells 2004 John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian portraits, 1760-1790, 2004.
Ingamells 2008 John Ingamells, Dulwich Picture Gallery: British, 2008.

Jackson-Stops 1980 Gervase Jackson-Stops, 'Picture Frames at Petworth', Country Life,vol.168, 1980, pp.798-800, 1030-2.
James 1971 Duncan James, ‘Foundries’. Arts Review, vol.23, no.3, 13 February 1971, pp.70-1, 87.
James 1984 Duncan James, A Century of Statues: the History of the Morris Singer Foundry, 1984.
James 1986 Duncan James, 'Alfred Gilbert and his use of Nineteenth-Century Founding Techniques', in Richard Dorment, Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor and Goldsmith, exh.cat., Royal Academy, 1986, pp.21-25.
Jarman 1994 Derek Jarman, Chroma. A Book of Colour – June ‘93, 1994.
Jenkins 1990 Ian Jenkins, ‘Acquisition and Supply of Casts of the Parthenon Sculptures by the British Museum, 1835-1939’, Annual of the British School at Athens, vol.85, 1990, pp.89-114.
Jervis 1982 Simon Jervis, ‘Picture Frames and Picture Hanging at Apsley House’, in C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Paintings in the Wellington Museum, 1982, pp.17-20.
Joy 1969 Edward Joy, 'The Royal Victorian Furniture-Makers, 1837-87', Burlington Magazine, vol.111, 1969, pp.677-87.

Katlan 1987 Alexander W. Katlan, American Artists’ Materials Suppliers Directory: Nineteenth Century, New York 1810-1899, Boston 1823-1887, 1987 (supplies by British artists’ colourmen recorded in this book have been selectively noted for dated pictures and those with illustrated stencils).
Katlan 1992 Alexander W. Katlan, American Artists’ Materials. Volume II A Guide to Stretchers, Panels, Millboards, and Stencil Marks, 1992.
Katlan 1999 Alexander Katlan, ‘The American Artist's Tools and Materials for On-site Oil Sketching’, Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 1999, vol.38, no.1, pp.21-32, see http://aic.stanford.edu/jaic/articles/jaic38-01-003_2.html.
Kauffmann 1982 C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Paintings in the Wellington Museum, 1982.
Kirkham 1969 P.A. Kirkham, ‘Samuel Norman: a study of an eighteenth-century craftsman’, Burlington Magazine, 1969, vol.111, pp.501-13.
Kollmann 2000 Stefanie Kollmann, Niederländische Künstler und Kunst im London des 17.Jahrhunderts, 2000.
Kornhauser 1996 Elizabeth Kornhauser, American Paintings before 1945 in the Wadsworth Atheneum, 1996.
Kosek 1998Joanna M. Kosek, ‘The Heyday of Pastels in the 18th century’, The Paper Conservator, vol.22, 1998, pp.1-9.
Krill 2002 John Krill, English Artists’ Paper: Renaissance to Regency, Oak Knoll Press and Winterthur Museum, 2nd ed., 2002.

Labreuche 2004 Pascal Labreuche, ‘Les fournisseurs Parisiens des toiles et chassis des années 1800 à 1880: une étude à partir de peintures conservées au Musée Condé’,Le Musée Condé, no.61, December 2004, pp.35-56.
Larsen 2009 Ute Larsen, ‘Primarily a water colourist? The materials and techniques of Frances Hodgkins’ watercolour and gouache works on paper’, Journal of the Institute of Conservation, vol. 32, no.1, March 2009, pp.3-14.
Leach 1973 Cathy Leach, ‘19th Century Prepared Artists’ Canvases’, Antique Collecting, July 1973, pp.2-4.
Leeds 1992 Leeds City Art Galleries and Jessica Rutherford, Country House Lighting 1660-1890, Temple Newsam Country House Studies no.4, Leeds, 1992.
Lees 2012 Sarah Lees (ed.), Nineteenth-century European Paintings at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2 vols, 2012.
Leslie 1865 Charles Robert Leslie and Tom Taylor, Life and Times of Sir Joshua Reynolds: with notices of some of his contemporaries, 1865.
Levenson 1983 Rustin Steele Levenson, ‘Materials and Techniques of Painters in Québec City, 1760–1850’, Journal of Canadian Art History, vol.7, 1983, pp.1-54.
Lippincott 1983 Louise Lippincott, Selling Art in Georgian London: The Rise of Arthur Pond, 1983.
Lippincott 1991 Louise Lippincott, ‘Arthur Pond's Journal of Receipts and Expenses, 1734-50’, Walpole Society, vol.54, 1991, pp.220-333.
Lister 1974 Raymond Lister (ed.), The Letters of Samuel Palmer, 2 vols, 1974.
Lowry 2001 Kate Lowry, ‘A Technical Note on Brett’s Paintings’, in John Brett: A Pre-Raphaelite on the shores of Wales, National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff, 2001, pp.38-41.
Lugt 1921 Frits Lugt, Les marques de collections de dessins & d’estampes, 1921.
Lugt 1938 Frits Lugt, Répertoire des catalogues de ventes publiques, 4 vols, 1938-1987.

McClure 1998 Ian McClure, ‘History of Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings in Great Britain’, in Kathleen Dardes & Andrea Rothe (eds), The Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings, Getty Conservation Institute, 1998.
McClure 2001 Ian McClure, “’This Picture will come out gloriously”: The Restoration of the Portrait of Richard II’, in New Offerings, Ancient Treasures: Studies in Medieval Art for George Henderson, ed. Paul Binski et al., 2001, pp.457-77.
Mannings 2000 David Mannings, Sir Joshua Reynolds: a complete catalogue of his paintings, 2000.
Martin 2005 Gregory Martin, Rubens: the ceiling decoration of the Banqueting Hall, Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, pt. 15, 2005.
Mason 1992 Pippa Mason, ’The Picture Frames’, in Tessa Murdoch (ed.), Boughton House: The English Versailles, 1992, pp.90-5.
Maxted 1977 Ian Maxted, The London Book Trades, 1775-1800: a preliminary checklist of members, Folkestone, 1977. See also Websites and digital resources, above.
Mayer 2011 Lance Mayer and Gay Myers, American Painters on Technique: The Colonial Period to 1860, 2011.
Miles 1981 Hamish Miles, Fourteen Small Pictures by Wilkie, exh.cat., Fine Art Society, London, 1981.
Miles 1994 Hamish Miles, Sir David Wilkie 1785-1841, exh.cat., Richard L. Feigen & Co, London, 1994.
Millar 1955 Oliver Millar, ‘Notes on British Painting from Archives: III’, Burlington Magazine, vol.97, 1955, pp.255-6.
Millar 1963 Oliver Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and early Georgian pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1963.
Millar 1968 Oliver Millar, ‘Van Dyck in London’, Burlington Magazine, vol.110, 1968, pp.307-8.
Millar 1969 Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1969.
Millar 1977 Oliver Millar, The Queen’s Pictures, 1977.
Millar 1991 Oliver Millar, ‘Caring for The Queen’s Pictures: Surveyors Past and Present’, in Christopher Lloyd, The Queen’s Pictures: Royal Collectors through the Centuries, 1991, pp.14-27.
Millar 1992 Oliver Millar, The Victorian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, Cambridge, 1992.
Millar 1995 Oliver Millar, 'Artists and Craftsmen in the service of Sir Stephen Fox and his family', Burlington Magazine, vol.137, 1995, pp.518-28.
Minet 1921 William and Susan Minet, ‘Registers of the Church of Le Carre and Berwick Street 1690-1788’, Publications of the Huguenot Society of London, vol.25, 1921.
Mitchell 1990 Paul Mitchell, ‘Wright’s Picture Frames’, in Judy Egerton, Wright of Derby, exh.cat., Tate Gallery, 1990, pp.272-88.
Mitchell & Roberts 1996 Paul Mitchell & Lynn Roberts, Frameworks: Form, Function & Ornament in European Portrait Frames, 1996.
Mitchinson 1998 David Mitchinson and others, Celebrating Moore: Works from the collection of the Henry Moore Foundation, 1998
Moore 1985 Andrew Moore, The Norwich School of Artists, Norfolk Museums Service and HMSO, 1985.
Morgan 2008 Sarah Morgan et al., ‘Canvas and its preparation in early twentieth-century British paintings’, in Joyce H. Townsend et al., Preparation for Painting: The Artist’s Choice and its Consequences, 2008, pp.132-40.
Moriarty 2013 Catherine Moriarty, Making Melbourne's Monuments: The Sculpture of Paul Montford, 2013.
Morris 1994 Edward Morris, Victorian & Edwardian Paintings in the Lady Lever Art Gallery: British artists born after 1810 excluding the early Pre-Raphaelites, 1994.
Morris 1996 Edward Morris, Victorian & Edwardian Paintings in the Walker Art Gallery and at Sudley House, British artists born after 1810 but before 1861, 1996.
Morris & Stevens 2013 Edward Morris and Timothy Stevens, History of the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool 1873-2000, 2013, chapter 10 on conservation, pp.224-45.
Muller 1994 Norman Muller, ‘Addendum: Conservator’s Note’, Record of The Art Museum Princeton University, vol.53, no.1, 1994, pp.33-5 (on paintings by Sir George Hayter).
Munday 1996 John Munday, Edward William Cooke, 1811-1880: A Man of his Time, 1996.
Murdoch 1985 Tessa Murdoch (ed.), The Quiet Conquest. The Huguenots 1685 to 1985, exh.cat., Museum of London, 1985.
Murdoch 1997-8 Tessa Murdoch, 'Jean, René and Thomas Pelletier, a Huguenot family of carvers and gilders in England 1682-1726', Burlington Magazine, vol.139, 1997, pp.732-42, vol.140, 1998, pp.363-74

Newall 2004 Christopher Newall, The Poetry of Truth: Alfred William Hunt and the art of landscape, Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2004.
Newbery 2002 Timothy Newbery, Frames and Framings in the Ashmolean Museum, 2002.
Noel-Paton 1990 M.H. Noel-Paton and J.P. Campbell, Noel Paton 1821-1901, 1990.
Norman 2009 Mark Norman, ‘The history of conservation in the Ashmolean’, The Ashmolean, no.56, spring 2009, pp.21-3.
Nunn 2009 Catherine Nunn, 'The conservation history of an eighteenth-century collection: caring for the pictures of the Foundling Hospital', Journal of the Institute of Conservation, vol.32, 2009, pp.233-47.
Nygren 2013 Edward Nygren, ‘James Ward, RA (1769-1859): Papers And Patrons’, Walpole Society, vol.75, 2013.

Oddy 2001 Andrew Oddy and Sandra Smith (eds), Past Practice – Future Prospect, The British Museum Occasional Paper No. 145, 2001.
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 60 vols, 2004.
Ormsby 2005 Bronwyn A. Ormsby, Joyce H. Townsend, Brian W. Singer and John R. Dean, ‘British Watercolour Cakes from the Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century’, Studies in Conservation, vol.50, 2005, pp.45-66 [note: the dating of some of the early watercolour cakes is subject to review].

Parris 1975 Leslie Parris, Conal Shields and Ian Fleming-Williams, John Constable: Further Documents & Correspondence, 1975.
Patents for Inventions Patents for Inventions. Abridgements of Specifications. Class 11, Artists’ Instruments and Materials, various parts covering the period 1855-1930, HMSO, 1893-1931.
Payne 2007 John Payne, Framing in the Nineteenth Century: Picture Frames 1837-1935, National Gallery of Victoria, 2007.
Payne 2014 John Payne, ‘What's in a frame : The borders of Mortimer Menpes’, in Julie Robinson, The World of Mortimer Menpes: painter, etcher, raconteur, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, 2014, pp.182-5, 236-9.
Pears 1988 Iain Pears, The Discovery of Painting: The Growth of Interest in the Arts in England, 1680-1768, 1988.
Pearson 1989 Fiona Pearson, ‘George Mancini: Bronze Caster’, in Scotland & Italy. Papers presented at the fourth annual conference of the Scottish Society for Art History, 1989, pp.124-31.
Penny 1986 Nicholas Penny, 'Reynolds and Picture Frames', Burlington Magazine, vol.128, 1986, pp.810-25.
Penny 1992 Nicholas Penny, Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum, 1540 to the present day, vol.III, British, 1992.
Penny 2004 Nicholas Penny, National Gallery Catalogues: The 16th Century Italian Paintings, vol.1, Paintings from Bergamo, Brescia and Cremona, 2004.
Penny 2008 Nicholas Penny, National Gallery Catalogues: The 16th Century Italian Paintings, vol.2, Venice 1540-1600, 2008.
Phillips 2004 Michael Phillips, 'The Printing of Blake's America a Prophecy', Print Quarterly, vol. 21, 2004.
Piper 1963 David Piper, Catalogue of 17th-century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1963.
Pontifex 1977 Claud E.C. Pontifex, The Family of Pontifex of West Wycombe, Co. Buckingham, 1500-1977, 1977
Postle 2018 Martin Postle, ‘The Cast Collection’, in Robin Simon with MaryAnne Stevens, The Royal Academy of Arts: History and Collections, 2018, pp.462-89
Proudlove 1988 Cathy Proudlove, ‘The Early Norwich Artists: their techniques and the Dutch Example’, in Andrew W. Moore, Dutch and Flemish Painting in Norfolk, 1988, pp.151-6.
Proudlove 1996 Cathy Proudlove, ‘London Artists’ Colourmen. Part I: A to D’, The Picture Restorer, no.10, autumn 1996.
Public SculptureA series of volumes, Public Sculpture of Britain, published by Liverpool University Press from 1997, with the aim of forming a full survey of public sculpture nationwide:
Public Sculpture of Birmingham, 1998, by George Noszlopy, ed. Jeremy Beach.
Public Sculpture of Bristol, 2011, by Douglas Merritt, Francis Greenacre and Katharine Eustace.
Public Sculpture of Cheshire and Merseyside (excluding Liverpool), 2012, by Edward Morris and Emma Roberts.
Public Sculpture of Edinburgh, 2 vols, 2018, by Ray McKenzie, Dianne King and Tracy Smith.
Public Sculpture of Glasgow, 2002, by Raymond McKenzie.
Public Sculpture of Herefordshire, Shropshire and Worcestershire, 2010, by George Noszlopy and Fiona Waterhouse.
Public Sculpture of Lancashire and Cumbria, 2017, by David Cross.
Public Sculpture of Leicestershire and Rutland, 2000, by Terry Cavanagh, intro. Alison Yarrington.
Public Sculpture of Liverpool, 1997, by Terry Cavanagh.
Public Sculpture of City of London, 2003, by Philip Ward-Jackson.
Public Sculpture of Historic Westminster, vol.1, 2012, by Philip Ward-Jackson.
Public Sculpture of South London, 2007, by Terry Cavanagh.
Public Sculpture of Outer South and West London, 2011, by Fran Lloyd, Helen Potkin and Davina Thackara.
Public Sculpture of Greater Manchester, 2003, by Terry Wyke.
Public Sculpture of Norfolk and Suffolk, 2013, by Richard Cocke.
Public Sculpture of North-East England, 2000, by Paul Usherwood, Jeremy Beach and Catherine Morris.
Public Sculpture of Sheffield and South Yorkshire, 2015, by Christopher T. Goldie, David Ball, Elizabeth Norman and Darcy White.
Public Sculpture of Staffordshire and the Black Country, 2005, by George Noszlopy and Fiona Waterhouse.
Public Sculpture of Sussex, 2014, by Jill Seddon, Peter Seddon and Anthony McIntosh.
Public Sculpture of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull, 2003,by George Noszlopy.

Ramsay bank account Bank account of Allan Ramsay at Coutts & Co (see National Portrait Gallery Archive, NOA Ramsay for further details).
Ranise 2007 Giovanna Brambilla Ranise, La Raccolta Dimezzata: Storia della Dispersione della Pinacoteca di Guglielmo Lochis (1789-1859), 2007.
Ratuszniak 2013 Annette Ratuszniak (ed.), Elizabeth Frink. Catalogue Raisonné of Sculpture 1947-93, 2013, p.192.
Renne 2011 Elizaveta Renne, State Hermitage Museum Catalogue. Sixteenth- to nineteenth-century British painting, 2011.
Reynolds 1960Graham Reynolds, Catalogue of the Constable Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1960.
Reynolds 1984 Graham Reynolds, The Later Paintings and Drawings of John Constable, 1984.
Roscoe 2009 Ingrid Roscoe, A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851, 2009.
Ruhemann 1968 Helmut Ruhemann, The Cleaning of Paintings, 1968.
Runeberg 2005 Ulrik Runeberg, ‘Immigrant Picture Restorers of the German-speaking World in England from the 1930s to the Post-war Era’, in Shulamith Behr and Marian Malet (eds), Arts in Exile in Britain 1933-1945. Politics and Cultural Identity (Yearbook of the Research Centre for German and Austrian Exile Studies, vol.6), Amsterdam, 2005, pp.339-71.
Russell 1989 Francis Russell, ‘The Derby Collection (1721-1735)’, Walpole Society, vol.53, 1989, pp.143-80.
Russell 2012 J.E. Russell, B.W. Singer, J.J. Perry, and A. Bacon, ‘Investigation of the materials found in the studio of Francis Bacon (1909-1992)’, Studies in Conservation, vol.57, 2012, pp.195-206.

Schaefer 2008 Iris Schaefer, Caroline von Saint-George and Katja Lewerentz, Painting Light: The hidden techniques of the Impressionists, 2008.
Scott Thomson 1937 Gladys Scott Thomson, Life in a Noble Household 1641-1700, 1937.
Shearman 1983 John Shearman, The Early Italian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1983.
Silber 1986 Evelyn Silber, The Sculpture of Epstein with a complete catalogue, 1986.
Silber 1996 Evelyn Silber, Gaudier-Brzeska: Life and Art, 1996.
Silber 2012 Evelyn Silber, 'The Leicester Galleries and the promotion of modernist sculpture in London, 1902-1975', Sculpture Journal, vol.21.2, 2012, pp.131-44.
Simon 1994 Jacob Simon, 'Allan Ramsay and Picture Frames’, Burlington Magazine, vol.136, 1994, pp.444-55.
Simon 1996 Jacob Simon, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, National Portrait Gallery, 1996.
Simon 1997 Jacob Simon, 'A note on Arthur Melville (1855-1904) and picture frames', Museum Management and Curatorship, vol.16, 1997, pp.427-33.
Simon 1998Jacob Simon, 'The production, framing and care of English pastel portraits in the eighteenth century', The Paper Conservator, vol.22, 1998, pp.10-20.
Simon 2003 Jacob Simon, Thomas Johnson's The Life of the Author, Furniture History Society, 2003, also published in Furniture History, vol.29, 2003, pp.1-64.
Sitwell 1990Christine Sitwell, 'Gluck and the quality of artists' materials: The Suede Effect', in Appearance, Opinion, Change: evaluating the look of paintings, United Kingdom Institute for Conservation, 1990, pp.42-4.
Sitwell 1998 Christine Sitwell, 'Approach to Restoration in English Country Houses', in Christine Sitwell and Sarah Staniforth (eds.), Studies in the History of Painting Restoration, 1998, pp.129-138.
Sizer 1950 Theodore Sizer, The Works of Colonel John Trumbull, 1950, pp.100-5.
Sloman 2002Susan Sloman, Gainsborough in Bath, 2002.
Smith 1988 Sheenah Smith, Horatio McCulloch 1805-1867, exh.cat., Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, 1988.
J.C. Smith J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 4 vols, 1878-83.
Souhami 2000 Diana Souhami, Gluck 1895-1978: Her Biography, 2000.
Stabler 2006 John Stabler, Norfolk Furniture Makers 1700-1840, Regional Furniture Society, 2006, also published as Regional Furniture, vol.20, 2006.
Staples 1984 Peter J. Staples, with Don Pavey, The Artists’ Colourmen’s Story. A guide to the history of artists’ colourmen of London as illustrated in the artists’ colourmen’s room at the Winsor & Newton Colour Works at Wealdstone, Reckitt & Colman, 1984.
Stewart 2000 Miriam Stewart and Kerry Schauber, ‘Catalogue of Sketchbooks and Albums by John Singer Sargent at the Fogg Art Museum’, Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, vol.7, no.1, 2000.
Strickland 1913 Walter G. Strickland, A Dictionary of Irish Artists, 2 vols, 1913.
Sullivan 2005 M.G. Sullivan and Emma Hardy, 'Compendium of British bronzes 1660-1851 from the Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain 1660-1851 edited by Ingrid Roscoe', Sculpture Journal, vol.14, 2005, pp.93-150.
Sung 2009 Mei-Ying Sung, William Blake and the Art of Engraving, 2009.
Surtees 1981 Virginia Surtees (ed.), The Diary of Ford Madox Brown, 1981.

Talley 1981M.Kirby Talley, Portrait Painting in England: Studies in the Technical Literature before 1700, Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 1981.
Talley 1986 M. Kirby Talley, “ ‘All Good Pictures Crack’: Sir Joshua Reynolds’s practice and studio“, pp.55-70, in Nicholas Penny (ed.), Reynolds, Royal Academy of Arts, 1986.
Taylor 2017 Carole Taylor, ‘John (Manners), 3rd Duke of Rutland: British art collector’, Journal of the History of Collections, vol.29, 2017, pp.237-50, online appendix, ‘Art References in Book of Bills, 1734-1762’.
Thomson 1997 Duncan Thomson, Raeburn: The Art of Sir Henry Raeburn 1756-1823, exh.cat., Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 1997.
Torchia 1998 Robert Wilson Torchia et al., American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, vol.2, National Gallery of Art, 1998.
Town 2014 Edward Town, ‘A Biographical Dictionary of London Painters, 1547-1625’, Walpole Society, vol.76, 2014.
Townsend 1993 Joyce Townsend, Turner's Painting Techniques, Tate Gallery, 1993.
Townsend 1994 Joyce H. Townsend, ‘The Materials and Techniques of J.M.W. Turner: Primings and Supports, Studies in Conservation, vol.39, 1984, pp.145-53.
Townsend 2003 Joyce H. Townsend (ed.), William Blake: The Painter at Work, Tate Publishing, 2003.
Townsend 2004 Joyce H. Townsend, Jacqueline Ridge and Stephen Hackney, Pre-Raphaelite Painting Techniques, Tate, 2004.
Tucker 2017 Paul Tucker ‘A Connoisseur and his Clients: The Correspondence of Charles Fairfax Murray with Frederic Burton, Wilhelm Bode and Julius Meyer (1867-1914)’, Walpole Society, vol.79, 2017.

Uwins 1858 Sarah Uwins, A Memoir of Thomas Uwins, R.A., 1858.

Vertue ‘Vertue Note Books’, Walpole Society, 1930-55, here referred to by volume and page number.

Walker 1985 Richard Walker, Regency Portraits. National Portrait Gallery, 1985.
Walker 1988 Richard Walker, A Catalogue of paintings, drawings, engravings and sculpture in the Palace of Westminster compiled during 1959-77, vol.3, part 4, 1988 (photocopy of typescript, 8 copies, available at National Portrait Gallery, London Library and Courtauld Institute of Art).
Walpole’s Correspondence W.S. Lewis et al. (eds), The Yale Edition of Horace Walpole’s Correspondence, 48 vols, 1937-83.
Waterfield 1995 Giles Waterfield et al., Conserving Old Masters: Paintings recently restored at Dulwich Picture Gallery, exh.cat., Dulwich Picture Gallery, 1995.
Waterhouse 1981 Waterhouse, The Dictionary of British 18th Century Painters in Oils and Crayons, 1981.
Waterhouse 1988 Ellis Waterhouse, The Dictionary of British 16th and 17th Century Painters in Oils and Crayons, 1988.
Watson 1933 Charles Watson, ed., ‘Roll of Edinburgh Burgesses and Gild-Brethren 1761-1841’, Scottish Record Society, 1933.
Webb 1996 Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Tylers' & Bricklayers' Company 1612-44, 1668-1800, vol.2, 1996.
Webb 1998 Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers’ Company 1693-1837, vol.15, 1998.
Webb 2003 Cliff Webb, London Livery Company Apprenticeship Records: Painter-Stainers’ Company 1655, 1666-1800, vol.38, 2003.
Wedd 2001 Kit Wedd, with Lucy Peltz and Cathy Ross, Creative Quarters: the art world in London from 1700 to 2000, Museum of London, 2001.
Westwood 2011 K.J. Westwood, Thomas Sidney Cooper, C.V.O., R.A., His Life and Work, 2011.
Whitaker 2012 Lucy Whitaker, ‘”Preparing a handsome picture frame to pattern chosen by HRH The Prince”: Prince Albert frames his collection’, in Victoria & Albert: Art & Love, essays from a study day held at the National Gallery, 2010, published online, 2012, at www.royalcollection.org.uk/sites/default/files/V%20and%20A%20Art%20and%20Love%20(Whitaker).pdf,
Whitley 1928William T. Whitley, Artists and their Friends in England 1700-1799, 2 vols, 1928, especially vol.1, pp.329-36, vol.2, pp.360-3.
Whitley 1928(1)William T. Whitley, Art in England 1800-1820, 1928.
Whitley 1930William T. Whitley, Art in England 1821-1837, 1930.
Whitley 1931 William T. Whitley, ‘Relics of Turner’, Connoisseur, vol.88, 1931, p.198.
Wildman 1995 Stephen Wildman, Visions of Love and Life: Pre-Raphaelite Art from the Birmingham Collection, England, Alexandria, Virginia, 1995.
Williamson 1921 George Williamson, The Miniature Collector: A Guide for the amateur collector of portrait miniatures, 1921.
Wood 1994 Jeremy Wood, 'Van Dyck and the Earl of Northumberland: Taste and Collecting in Stuart England', in Van Dyck 350, ed. Susan J. Barnes and A.K. Wheelock, Studies in the History of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, vol.46, 1994, pp.309-10.
Woodcock 1995 Sally Woodcock, ‘The Roberson Archive: content and significance’, in Arie Wallert et al, Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice: preprints of a symposium University of Leiden, 1995, pp.30-7.
Woodcock 1996 Sally Woodcock, ‘Leighton and Roberson: an artist and his colourman’, Burlington Magazine, vol.138, 1996, pp.526-8.
Woodcock 1997 Sally Woodcock (ed.) with Judith Churchman, Index of Account Holders in the Roberson Archive 1820-1939, Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge, 1997. See index to the Roberson Archive.
Woodcock 1998 Sally Woodcock, ‘Posing, Reposing and Decomposing: Life-size Lay Figures, Living Models and Artists’ Colourmen in Nineteenth Century London’, in Erma Hermens (ed.), Looking Through Paintings, Leids Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek, vol.11, 1998, pp.445-64.

Yarrington 1994 Alison Yarrington, Ilene D. Lieberman, Alex Potts and Malcolm Baker. ‘The Ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey, R.A., at the Royal Academy, 1809-1841’, Walpole Society, vol.56, 1994.