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Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

(1725-1774), Governor of Bengal

Sitter in 9 portraits
Robert Clive earned his reputation as an effective military commander in India. He was placed in charge of Fort St. David the day before the 'Black Hole' of Calcutta incident in 1756, in which dozens of Europeans died in an overcrowded dungeon. During the Seven Years War, he defeated the Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey, 1757, and by 1760 he had overcome the French threat to the East India Company. His success earned him the nickname 'Clive of India'. As Governor of Bengal, he tried to curb corruption and private profit among the company's employees.

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Robert Clive and Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, 1757, by Francis Hayman - NPG 5263

Robert Clive and Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, 1757

by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, circa 1760
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5263

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by John van Nost the Younger, and  'C.G.' - NPG 1688

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by John van Nost the Younger, and 'C.G.'
silver medal, 1766
NPG 1688

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, studio of Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) - NPG 39

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

studio of Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
oil on canvas, circa 1773 or after
NPG 39

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by James Macardell, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D33528

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough
mezzotint, 1762-1764
NPG D33528

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) - NPG D42733

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
stipple engraving, 1788
NPG D42733

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) - NPG D33530

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
stipple engraving, 19th century
NPG D33530

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by W.T. Mote, after  Miss Jane Drummond, after  Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) - NPG D33529

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by W.T. Mote, after Miss Jane Drummond, after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
stipple engraving, published 1833
NPG D33529

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by William Derby, after  Miss Jane Drummond, after  Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt) - NPG D23074

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by William Derby, after Miss Jane Drummond, after Nathaniel Dance (later Sir Nathaniel Holland, Bt)
pencil, circa 1835-1842
NPG D23074

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, by James Scott, after  James Macardell, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D33527

Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive

by James Scott, after James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough
mezzotint, published 1871 (1762-1764)
NPG D33527

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