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King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820

Sitter associated with 182 portraits
Eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and the first Hanoverian King to be born and bred in England. His reign from 1760 was one of the longest and most eventful in modern times. Although plagued by apparent bouts of insanity, he maintained a meticulous personal interest in government until 1811. A patron of the arts and sciences, he amassed an extensive library and fostered an interest in agriculture. His obstinate attitude towards the demands of the American colonies led to the loss of these territories and the close of the first British Empire. In the last ten years of his life his health deteriorated further and he suffered chronic mania, blindness and deafness.

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King George III

by Edward A. Smith, published by Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon
line engraving, published February 1818
NPG D16161


King George III

by Samuel William Reynolds
mezzotint, published 24 February 1820
NPG D19377